Experimental determination of electro-osmotic drag coefficient in nafion membrane for fuel cells

Shanhai Ge, Baolian Yi, Pingwen Ming

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

The electro-osmotic drag coefficient in Nafion 117 membrane is determined experimentally at different temperatures and water contents of the membrane. A pseudo-two-dimensional, steady-state diffusive model for water vapor transport through Nafion membrane based on nonequilibrium membrane/gas diffusion layer interface is presented to determine the electro-osmotic drag coefficient and average water content. For the membrane in contact with water vapor, the electro-osmotic drag coefficient increases with increasing water content or water activity in the membrane. At the same water activity, temperature does not show influence on the electro-osmotic drag coefficient in the membrane in contact with water vapor. For the membrane in contact with liquid water on both sides, the electro-osmotic drag coefficient in the membrane increases linearly with temperature. High-frequency resistances of the cells using Nafion 117 and 112 membranes are measured to evaluate the electro-osmotic drag coefficients obtained. The calculated membrane resistance based on a diffusive model agrees well with the experimental data under different operating conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number007608JES
Pages (from-to)A1443-A1450
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume153
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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