Experimental evaluation of brazed molybdenum-graphite bonds for the divertor of the NET/ITER nuclear fusion device

Ivica Smid, Jochen Linke, Hubertus Nickel, Erich Kny, Nikolaus Reheis, Guenther Kneringer, Harald Bolt

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Composites consisting of plasma-facing carbon material brazed to molybdenum (TZM) substrates are a promising system for the divertor of the Next European Torus (NET) and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). Isotropic graphite and a refractory metal (molybdenum or TZM, a high temperature alloy of molybdenum), two dissimilar substrate materials yet closely matched in their thermal expansivities, were joined with four different high-temperature brazes: Zr, 90Ni-10Ti, 90Cu-10Ti, and 70Ag-27Cu-3Ti (compositions in wt%). A summary is given of experiments on mechanical strength, heat transfer capability, structural changes, and failure modes under high heat loads of brazed bonds. Tensile strength tests on the brazing interface prove the suitability of the brazes up to their melting point. The expected enhancement in thermal contact compared with graphite is confirmed. Passively cooled tiles were subjected to thermal cycling in electron beam simulations. Heat fluxes of up to 10 MW m-2 were applied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-78
Number of pages4
JournalHigh Temperatures - High Pressures
Volume22
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990
Event12th International Plansee Seminar '89 - Reutte, Austria
Duration: May 8 1989May 12 1989

Fingerprint

Experimental reactors
Molybdenum
Graphite
nuclear fusion
molybdenum
Fusion reactions
graphite
reactors
evaluation
brazing
refractory metals
Refractory metals
Facings
Brazing
tiles
failure modes
heat resistant alloys
Thermal cycling
Substrates
Thermal load

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Smid, I., Linke, J., Nickel, H., Kny, E., Reheis, N., Kneringer, G., & Bolt, H. (1990). Experimental evaluation of brazed molybdenum-graphite bonds for the divertor of the NET/ITER nuclear fusion device. High Temperatures - High Pressures, 22(1), 75-78.
Smid, Ivica ; Linke, Jochen ; Nickel, Hubertus ; Kny, Erich ; Reheis, Nikolaus ; Kneringer, Guenther ; Bolt, Harald. / Experimental evaluation of brazed molybdenum-graphite bonds for the divertor of the NET/ITER nuclear fusion device. In: High Temperatures - High Pressures. 1990 ; Vol. 22, No. 1. pp. 75-78.
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abstract = "Composites consisting of plasma-facing carbon material brazed to molybdenum (TZM) substrates are a promising system for the divertor of the Next European Torus (NET) and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). Isotropic graphite and a refractory metal (molybdenum or TZM, a high temperature alloy of molybdenum), two dissimilar substrate materials yet closely matched in their thermal expansivities, were joined with four different high-temperature brazes: Zr, 90Ni-10Ti, 90Cu-10Ti, and 70Ag-27Cu-3Ti (compositions in wt{\%}). A summary is given of experiments on mechanical strength, heat transfer capability, structural changes, and failure modes under high heat loads of brazed bonds. Tensile strength tests on the brazing interface prove the suitability of the brazes up to their melting point. The expected enhancement in thermal contact compared with graphite is confirmed. Passively cooled tiles were subjected to thermal cycling in electron beam simulations. Heat fluxes of up to 10 MW m-2 were applied.",
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Smid, I, Linke, J, Nickel, H, Kny, E, Reheis, N, Kneringer, G & Bolt, H 1990, 'Experimental evaluation of brazed molybdenum-graphite bonds for the divertor of the NET/ITER nuclear fusion device', High Temperatures - High Pressures, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 75-78.

Experimental evaluation of brazed molybdenum-graphite bonds for the divertor of the NET/ITER nuclear fusion device. / Smid, Ivica; Linke, Jochen; Nickel, Hubertus; Kny, Erich; Reheis, Nikolaus; Kneringer, Guenther; Bolt, Harald.

In: High Temperatures - High Pressures, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.01.1990, p. 75-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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AU - Smid, Ivica

AU - Linke, Jochen

AU - Nickel, Hubertus

AU - Kny, Erich

AU - Reheis, Nikolaus

AU - Kneringer, Guenther

AU - Bolt, Harald

PY - 1990/1/1

Y1 - 1990/1/1

N2 - Composites consisting of plasma-facing carbon material brazed to molybdenum (TZM) substrates are a promising system for the divertor of the Next European Torus (NET) and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). Isotropic graphite and a refractory metal (molybdenum or TZM, a high temperature alloy of molybdenum), two dissimilar substrate materials yet closely matched in their thermal expansivities, were joined with four different high-temperature brazes: Zr, 90Ni-10Ti, 90Cu-10Ti, and 70Ag-27Cu-3Ti (compositions in wt%). A summary is given of experiments on mechanical strength, heat transfer capability, structural changes, and failure modes under high heat loads of brazed bonds. Tensile strength tests on the brazing interface prove the suitability of the brazes up to their melting point. The expected enhancement in thermal contact compared with graphite is confirmed. Passively cooled tiles were subjected to thermal cycling in electron beam simulations. Heat fluxes of up to 10 MW m-2 were applied.

AB - Composites consisting of plasma-facing carbon material brazed to molybdenum (TZM) substrates are a promising system for the divertor of the Next European Torus (NET) and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). Isotropic graphite and a refractory metal (molybdenum or TZM, a high temperature alloy of molybdenum), two dissimilar substrate materials yet closely matched in their thermal expansivities, were joined with four different high-temperature brazes: Zr, 90Ni-10Ti, 90Cu-10Ti, and 70Ag-27Cu-3Ti (compositions in wt%). A summary is given of experiments on mechanical strength, heat transfer capability, structural changes, and failure modes under high heat loads of brazed bonds. Tensile strength tests on the brazing interface prove the suitability of the brazes up to their melting point. The expected enhancement in thermal contact compared with graphite is confirmed. Passively cooled tiles were subjected to thermal cycling in electron beam simulations. Heat fluxes of up to 10 MW m-2 were applied.

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