Composites consisting of plasma-facing carbon material brazed to molybdenum (TZM) substrates are a promising system for the divertor of the Next European Torus (NET) and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). Isotropic graphite and a refractory metal (molybdenum or TZM, a high temperature alloy of molybdenum), two dissimilar substrate materials yet closely matched in their thermal expansivities, were joined with four different high-temperature brazes: Zr, 90Ni-10Ti, 90Cu-10Ti, and 70Ag-27Cu-3Ti (compositions in wt%). A summary is given of experiments on mechanical strength, heat transfer capability, structural changes, and failure modes under high heat loads of brazed bonds. Tensile strength tests on the brazing interface prove the suitability of the brazes up to their melting point. The expected enhancement in thermal contact compared with graphite is confirmed. Passively cooled tiles were subjected to thermal cycling in electron beam simulations. Heat fluxes of up to 10 MW m-2 were applied.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry