Experimental evaluation of coefficients of static friction of common workpiece-fixture element pairs

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36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most machining fixtures utilize clamping forces and friction at fixture-workpiece joints to help prevent the workpiece from slipping out of the fixture during machining. The magnitudes of the clamping forces required are a direct function of the coefficients of static friction at the joints. Recently, analytical methods have been developed to predict minimum clamping forces. However, these methods require accurate estimates of the friction coefficients. One source of friction data are handbooks. However, these data are typically listed relative to the materials of the contacting elements and are otherwise completely generalized. This paper will illustrate that the coefficient of static friction for typical fixture-workpiece joints is not a simple function of the workpiece materials. Instead it is also a function of factors such as fixture element geometry, workpiece surface topography, clamping forces, the presence or absence of cutting fluids, and normal joint rigidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)467-488
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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Friction
Machining
Cutting fluids
Surface topography
Rigidity
Geometry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Experimental evaluation of coefficients of static friction of common workpiece-fixture element pairs",
abstract = "Most machining fixtures utilize clamping forces and friction at fixture-workpiece joints to help prevent the workpiece from slipping out of the fixture during machining. The magnitudes of the clamping forces required are a direct function of the coefficients of static friction at the joints. Recently, analytical methods have been developed to predict minimum clamping forces. However, these methods require accurate estimates of the friction coefficients. One source of friction data are handbooks. However, these data are typically listed relative to the materials of the contacting elements and are otherwise completely generalized. This paper will illustrate that the coefficient of static friction for typical fixture-workpiece joints is not a simple function of the workpiece materials. Instead it is also a function of factors such as fixture element geometry, workpiece surface topography, clamping forces, the presence or absence of cutting fluids, and normal joint rigidity.",
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AB - Most machining fixtures utilize clamping forces and friction at fixture-workpiece joints to help prevent the workpiece from slipping out of the fixture during machining. The magnitudes of the clamping forces required are a direct function of the coefficients of static friction at the joints. Recently, analytical methods have been developed to predict minimum clamping forces. However, these methods require accurate estimates of the friction coefficients. One source of friction data are handbooks. However, these data are typically listed relative to the materials of the contacting elements and are otherwise completely generalized. This paper will illustrate that the coefficient of static friction for typical fixture-workpiece joints is not a simple function of the workpiece materials. Instead it is also a function of factors such as fixture element geometry, workpiece surface topography, clamping forces, the presence or absence of cutting fluids, and normal joint rigidity.

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