Experimental spinal cord injury in rats diminishes vagally-mediated gastric responses to cholecystokinin-8s

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Abstract

Background: We have shown recently that our model of experimental high-thoracic spinal cord injury (T3-SCI) mirrors the gastrointestinal clinical presentation of neurotrauma patients, whereby T3-SCI animals show diminished gastric emptying and dysmotility. In this study we used cholecystokinin as a model peptide to test the hypothesis that the T3-SCI induced gastroparesis is due, in part, to an impaired vagally-mediated response to gastrointestinal peptides. Methods We measured the responses to sulfated cholecystokinin (CCK-8s) in control and T3-SCI (3 or 21 days after injury) rats utilizing: (i) c-fos expression in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) following peripherally administered CCK-8s; (ii) in vivo gastric tone and motility following unilateral microinjection of CCK-8s into the dorsal vagal complex (DVC); and (iii) whole cell recordings of glutamatergic synaptic inputs to NTS neurons. Key Results Our results show that: (i) medullary c-fos expression in response to peripheral CCK-8s was significantly lower in T3-SCI rats 3 days after the injury, but recovered to control values at 3 weeks post-SCI, (ii) Unilateral microinjection of CCK-8s in the DVC induced a profound gastric relaxation in control animals, but did not induce any response in T3-SCI rats at both 3 and 21 days after SCI, (iii) Perfusion with CCK-8s increased glutamatergic currents in 55% of NTS neurons from control rats, but failed to induce any response in NTS neurons from T3-SCI rats. Conclusions & Inferences Our data indicate alterations of vagal responses to CCK-8s in T3-SCI rats that may reflect a generalized impairment of gastric vagal neurocircuitry, leading to a reduction of gastric functions after SCI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNeurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011

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Cholecystokinin
Spinal Cord Injuries
Stomach
Solitary Nucleus
Microinjections
Neurons
Gastroparesis
Thoracic Injuries
Peptides
Gastric Emptying
Wounds and Injuries
Patch-Clamp Techniques
8-sulfocholecystokinin octapeptide
Theoretical Models
Perfusion

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

@article{08b3c1abd39242e98dc0741ce77c4653,
title = "Experimental spinal cord injury in rats diminishes vagally-mediated gastric responses to cholecystokinin-8s",
abstract = "Background: We have shown recently that our model of experimental high-thoracic spinal cord injury (T3-SCI) mirrors the gastrointestinal clinical presentation of neurotrauma patients, whereby T3-SCI animals show diminished gastric emptying and dysmotility. In this study we used cholecystokinin as a model peptide to test the hypothesis that the T3-SCI induced gastroparesis is due, in part, to an impaired vagally-mediated response to gastrointestinal peptides. Methods We measured the responses to sulfated cholecystokinin (CCK-8s) in control and T3-SCI (3 or 21 days after injury) rats utilizing: (i) c-fos expression in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) following peripherally administered CCK-8s; (ii) in vivo gastric tone and motility following unilateral microinjection of CCK-8s into the dorsal vagal complex (DVC); and (iii) whole cell recordings of glutamatergic synaptic inputs to NTS neurons. Key Results Our results show that: (i) medullary c-fos expression in response to peripheral CCK-8s was significantly lower in T3-SCI rats 3 days after the injury, but recovered to control values at 3 weeks post-SCI, (ii) Unilateral microinjection of CCK-8s in the DVC induced a profound gastric relaxation in control animals, but did not induce any response in T3-SCI rats at both 3 and 21 days after SCI, (iii) Perfusion with CCK-8s increased glutamatergic currents in 55{\%} of NTS neurons from control rats, but failed to induce any response in NTS neurons from T3-SCI rats. Conclusions & Inferences Our data indicate alterations of vagal responses to CCK-8s in T3-SCI rats that may reflect a generalized impairment of gastric vagal neurocircuitry, leading to a reduction of gastric functions after SCI.",
author = "M. Tong and E. Qualls-Creekmore and Kirsteen Browning and Travagli, {Renato Alberto} and Gregory Holmes",
year = "2011",
month = "2",
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doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2982.2010.01616.x",
language = "English (US)",
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journal = "Neurogastroenterology and Motility",
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T1 - Experimental spinal cord injury in rats diminishes vagally-mediated gastric responses to cholecystokinin-8s

AU - Tong, M.

AU - Qualls-Creekmore, E.

AU - Browning, Kirsteen

AU - Travagli, Renato Alberto

AU - Holmes, Gregory

PY - 2011/2/1

Y1 - 2011/2/1

N2 - Background: We have shown recently that our model of experimental high-thoracic spinal cord injury (T3-SCI) mirrors the gastrointestinal clinical presentation of neurotrauma patients, whereby T3-SCI animals show diminished gastric emptying and dysmotility. In this study we used cholecystokinin as a model peptide to test the hypothesis that the T3-SCI induced gastroparesis is due, in part, to an impaired vagally-mediated response to gastrointestinal peptides. Methods We measured the responses to sulfated cholecystokinin (CCK-8s) in control and T3-SCI (3 or 21 days after injury) rats utilizing: (i) c-fos expression in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) following peripherally administered CCK-8s; (ii) in vivo gastric tone and motility following unilateral microinjection of CCK-8s into the dorsal vagal complex (DVC); and (iii) whole cell recordings of glutamatergic synaptic inputs to NTS neurons. Key Results Our results show that: (i) medullary c-fos expression in response to peripheral CCK-8s was significantly lower in T3-SCI rats 3 days after the injury, but recovered to control values at 3 weeks post-SCI, (ii) Unilateral microinjection of CCK-8s in the DVC induced a profound gastric relaxation in control animals, but did not induce any response in T3-SCI rats at both 3 and 21 days after SCI, (iii) Perfusion with CCK-8s increased glutamatergic currents in 55% of NTS neurons from control rats, but failed to induce any response in NTS neurons from T3-SCI rats. Conclusions & Inferences Our data indicate alterations of vagal responses to CCK-8s in T3-SCI rats that may reflect a generalized impairment of gastric vagal neurocircuitry, leading to a reduction of gastric functions after SCI.

AB - Background: We have shown recently that our model of experimental high-thoracic spinal cord injury (T3-SCI) mirrors the gastrointestinal clinical presentation of neurotrauma patients, whereby T3-SCI animals show diminished gastric emptying and dysmotility. In this study we used cholecystokinin as a model peptide to test the hypothesis that the T3-SCI induced gastroparesis is due, in part, to an impaired vagally-mediated response to gastrointestinal peptides. Methods We measured the responses to sulfated cholecystokinin (CCK-8s) in control and T3-SCI (3 or 21 days after injury) rats utilizing: (i) c-fos expression in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) following peripherally administered CCK-8s; (ii) in vivo gastric tone and motility following unilateral microinjection of CCK-8s into the dorsal vagal complex (DVC); and (iii) whole cell recordings of glutamatergic synaptic inputs to NTS neurons. Key Results Our results show that: (i) medullary c-fos expression in response to peripheral CCK-8s was significantly lower in T3-SCI rats 3 days after the injury, but recovered to control values at 3 weeks post-SCI, (ii) Unilateral microinjection of CCK-8s in the DVC induced a profound gastric relaxation in control animals, but did not induce any response in T3-SCI rats at both 3 and 21 days after SCI, (iii) Perfusion with CCK-8s increased glutamatergic currents in 55% of NTS neurons from control rats, but failed to induce any response in NTS neurons from T3-SCI rats. Conclusions & Inferences Our data indicate alterations of vagal responses to CCK-8s in T3-SCI rats that may reflect a generalized impairment of gastric vagal neurocircuitry, leading to a reduction of gastric functions after SCI.

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