Experimental study of structure-electrical transport correlation in single disordered carbon nanowires

B. A. Samuel, C. M. Lentz, M. A. Haque

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

We present experimental results characterizing the changes in electrical transport of single disordered carbon nanowires (diameter 150-250 nm) to the changes in microstructure within the nanowires induced by synthesis temperature. The material system studied is a nanoporous, semiconducting disordered carbon nanowire obtained from the pyrolysis of a polymeric precursor (polyfurfiiryl alcohol). Unlike the other allotropes of carbon such as diamond, graphite (graphenes) and fullerenes (CNT, buckyballs), disordered carbons lack crystalline order and hence can exhibit a range of electronic properties, dependent on the degree of disorder and the local microstructure. Such disordered carbon nanowires are therefore materials whose electronic properties can be engineered to specifications if we understand the structure-property correlations. Using dark DC conductivity tests, measurements were performed from 300K to 450K. The charge transport behavior in the nanowires is found to follow an activation-energy based conduction at high temperatures. The conductivity for nanowires synthesized from 600°C to 2000°C is calculated and is linked to changes in the microstructure using data obtained from SEM, TEM and Raman spectroscopy. The electrical properties of the nanowire are shown to be linked intrinsically to the microstructure and the degree of disorder, which in turn can be controlled to a great extent just by controlling the pyrolysis temperature. This ability to tune the electrical property, specifically conductivity, and map it to the structural changes within the disordered material makes it a candidate material for use in active/passive electronic components, and as versatile transducers for sensors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition 2009, IMECE 2009
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Pages53-56
Number of pages4
EditionPART A
ISBN (Print)9780791843857
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
EventASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2009 - Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States
Duration: Nov 13 2009Nov 19 2009

Publication series

NameASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings
NumberPART A
Volume12

Other

OtherASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2009
CountryUnited States
CityLake Buena Vista, FL
Period11/13/0911/19/09

Fingerprint

Nanowires
Carbon
Microstructure
Fullerenes
Electronic properties
Electric properties
Pyrolysis
Temperature
Raman spectroscopy
Charge transfer
Transducers
Diamonds
Graphite
Alcohols
Activation energy
Crystalline materials
Transmission electron microscopy
Specifications
Scanning electron microscopy
Sensors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Samuel, B. A., Lentz, C. M., & Haque, M. A. (2010). Experimental study of structure-electrical transport correlation in single disordered carbon nanowires. In Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition 2009, IMECE 2009 (PART A ed., pp. 53-56). (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings; Vol. 12, No. PART A). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2009-11739
Samuel, B. A. ; Lentz, C. M. ; Haque, M. A. / Experimental study of structure-electrical transport correlation in single disordered carbon nanowires. Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition 2009, IMECE 2009. PART A. ed. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2010. pp. 53-56 (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings; PART A).
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abstract = "We present experimental results characterizing the changes in electrical transport of single disordered carbon nanowires (diameter 150-250 nm) to the changes in microstructure within the nanowires induced by synthesis temperature. The material system studied is a nanoporous, semiconducting disordered carbon nanowire obtained from the pyrolysis of a polymeric precursor (polyfurfiiryl alcohol). Unlike the other allotropes of carbon such as diamond, graphite (graphenes) and fullerenes (CNT, buckyballs), disordered carbons lack crystalline order and hence can exhibit a range of electronic properties, dependent on the degree of disorder and the local microstructure. Such disordered carbon nanowires are therefore materials whose electronic properties can be engineered to specifications if we understand the structure-property correlations. Using dark DC conductivity tests, measurements were performed from 300K to 450K. The charge transport behavior in the nanowires is found to follow an activation-energy based conduction at high temperatures. The conductivity for nanowires synthesized from 600°C to 2000°C is calculated and is linked to changes in the microstructure using data obtained from SEM, TEM and Raman spectroscopy. The electrical properties of the nanowire are shown to be linked intrinsically to the microstructure and the degree of disorder, which in turn can be controlled to a great extent just by controlling the pyrolysis temperature. This ability to tune the electrical property, specifically conductivity, and map it to the structural changes within the disordered material makes it a candidate material for use in active/passive electronic components, and as versatile transducers for sensors.",
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Samuel, BA, Lentz, CM & Haque, MA 2010, Experimental study of structure-electrical transport correlation in single disordered carbon nanowires. in Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition 2009, IMECE 2009. PART A edn, ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings, no. PART A, vol. 12, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), pp. 53-56, ASME 2009 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2009, Lake Buena Vista, FL, United States, 11/13/09. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2009-11739

Experimental study of structure-electrical transport correlation in single disordered carbon nanowires. / Samuel, B. A.; Lentz, C. M.; Haque, M. A.

Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition 2009, IMECE 2009. PART A. ed. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2010. p. 53-56 (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings; Vol. 12, No. PART A).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Samuel BA, Lentz CM, Haque MA. Experimental study of structure-electrical transport correlation in single disordered carbon nanowires. In Proceedings of the ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition 2009, IMECE 2009. PART A ed. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2010. p. 53-56. (ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings; PART A). https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2009-11739