Coal is a complex geological body that is composed of organic material, gas, and water. Generally, coal with high hardness is commonly considered to be a non-outburst risk; however, several coal mines with hard coal seams in China have experienced coal and gas outbursts. Coals with different degrees of metamorphism have different inherent moisture ranges, which has a strong influence on gas adsorption and desorption. Currently, inhomogeneous moisture wetting remains an issue in traditional preparation methods for preparing coal samples with different moisture levels. In this paper, we chose three typical hard coals with different degrees of metamorphism and systematically studied their pore structure characteristics, effect of approximate inherent moisture on the gas adsorption–desorption characteristics, and gas diffusion of hard coals. The results show that all of the coal samples have an open pore structure, but each coal sample has different development characteristics of their pore structure. The higher the moisture, the shorter the adsorption equilibrium time required and the lower pressure drop. All of the adsorption isotherm curves fit the Langmuir equation well. The gas adsorption capacity of the same coal sample decreases gradually and the amplitude of the gas adsorption capacity decreases with increasing moisture. This relationship indicates that the existence of moisture occupies a certain space of the pore structure and reduces the gas adsorption sites of coal, reducing the adsorption and desorption amount of the coal samples. Moreover, low and middle rank coal can use the bidisperse model to calculate the diffusion coefficient, while high rank coal can use the unipore model. Increasing moisture causes the macropore diffusion coefficient Da,e and micropore diffusion coefficient Di,e of the YZG and YJ samples to decrease. The effective diffusion coefficient De of the WLH samples also reduced gradually, which suggests that moisture has an influence on the gas migration and diffusion channels of coal, reducing the gas adsorption equilibrium time, desorption rate, and diffusion rate of coal seam.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Surfaces and Interfaces