We demonstrate by high resolution low temperature electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) measurements that the long range ferromagnetic (FM) order in the vanadium- (V-)doped topological insulator Sb2Te3 has the nature of van Vleck-type ferromagnetism. The positions and the relative amplitudes of two core-level peaks (L3 and L2) of the V EELS spectrum show unambiguous change when the sample is cooled from room temperature to T=10K. Magnetotransport and comparison of the measured and simulated EELS spectra confirm that these changes originate from the onset of FM order. Crystal field analysis indicates that in V-doped Sb2Te3, partially filled core states contribute to the FM order. Since van Vleck magnetism is a result of summing over all states, this magnetization of core level verifies the van Vleck-type ferromagnetism in a direct manner.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)