Experiments in cap-bubbly two-phase flows for two-group IATE development

Ted Worosz, Seungjin Kim, Chris Hoxie

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Scopus citations


    In the two-group interfacial area transport equation (IATE) used to calculate the interfacial area concentration (a;), bubbles are categorized into two groups. Namely, group-I consists of spherical/distorted bubbles, and group-II consists of caplsluglchurn-turbulent bubbles. Robust models for the major bubble interaction mechanisms that cause the transition from purely one-group to two-group flows are essential to the dynamic closure of the two-fluid model with the two-group IATE. Therefore, the present study seeks to establish an experimental database in cap-bubbly flows that highlights this transition to support model development. A four-sensor conductivity probe is used to obtain measurements of local time-averaged two-phase flow parameters, including the void fraction and ai, in vertical-upward air-water two-phase flows in a 5.08-cm pipe. Four flow conditions are investigated at 〈jf〉 = 2 m/s with increasing 〈js〉 to study the generation and growth of group-II bubbles. Characteristic features of the local void fraction and a-, distributions are discussed. Additionally, axial development of area-averaged void fraction and ai, that is indicative of exchange between the bubble groups is presented.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)264-273
    Number of pages10
    JournalNuclear Technology
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
    • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
    • Condensed Matter Physics


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