Experiments on basic thermalhydraulic phenomena relevant for LWR containments

Gas mixing and transport induced by buoyant jets in a multi-compartment geometry

Robert Zboray, Domenico Paladino

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In the frame of the OECD SETH project twenty-four experiments have been carried out on basic gas transport and mixing phenomena in the large-scale, multi-compartment PANDA facility. The experiments consist of several series based on the flow configuration driving the gas transport including plume and jet injection of saturated or superheated steam. A variety of test configurations with well-defined initial and boundary conditions have been investigated, including the parametric effects of the geometry of the injection, the composition and velocity of the injected mixture, the initial ambient composition, the vent location and the initial temperatures. The tests have been designed to be used for the validation of computer codes that are capable of analyzing the thermalhydraulic safety of the containment of light water reactors (LWRs). The results obtained form an extensive database especially valuable for the assessment of the capabilities of three-dimensional simulation tools. The present work reports on a specific test series of the aforementioned experimental program, the so-called Free-Plume Series featuring vertical injection of buoyant steam driving the gas transport. The experimental data is presented showing its quality and the trends in the experiments are analyzed. The phenomena whose prediction might be challenging for codes are emphasized. After the expiration of the confidentiality period, the experimental data is now available for the broad scientific community to be used for code validation purposes.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)3158-3169
    Number of pages12
    JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
    Volume240
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 1 2010

    Fingerprint

    light water reactors
    gas transport
    Light water reactors
    containment
    compartments
    Gases
    Steam
    injection
    geometry
    steam
    plumes
    Geometry
    plume
    gases
    expiration
    gas
    experiment
    Vents
    Experiments
    vents

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
    • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
    • Materials Science(all)
    • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
    • Waste Management and Disposal
    • Mechanical Engineering

    Cite this

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    Experiments on basic thermalhydraulic phenomena relevant for LWR containments : Gas mixing and transport induced by buoyant jets in a multi-compartment geometry. / Zboray, Robert; Paladino, Domenico.

    In: Nuclear Engineering and Design, Vol. 240, No. 10, 01.10.2010, p. 3158-3169.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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