Explaining shellfish variability in middens on the Meriam Islands, Torres Strait, Australia

Douglas W. Bird, Jennifer L. Richardson, Peter M. Veth, Anthony J. Barham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Archaeologists have traditionally assumed that proportional variability in the types of shellfish remains found in middens can directly inform arguments about prehistoric coastal and island diets. We explore this assumption by comparing an analysis of three shellmidden sites on the Meriam Islands (eastern Torres Strait, Australia) with data on contemporary Meriam shellfishing strategies. We present tests of hypotheses drawn from behavioral ecology about factors that influence prey choice and differential field processing and transport, and compare these results to variability displayed in the shell assemblages. We find that while prey choice is predictable ethnographically, it is not reflected in the midden remains. Variability in the middens only begins to make sense with reference to the tradeoffs that foragers face in attempts to maximize the rate at which they can deliver resources to a central locale. This result should be of interest to all researchers concerned with reconstructing and explaining variability in prehistoric subsistence practices, especially in coastal or island settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-469
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Fingerprint

ecology
Torres Strait
Middens
Shellfish
resources
Prey Choice
Coast
Assemblages
Behavioral Ecology
Shell
Resources
Foragers
Archaeologists
Diet
Prehistoric Subsistence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Bird, Douglas W. ; Richardson, Jennifer L. ; Veth, Peter M. ; Barham, Anthony J. / Explaining shellfish variability in middens on the Meriam Islands, Torres Strait, Australia. In: Journal of Archaeological Science. 2002 ; Vol. 29, No. 5. pp. 457-469.
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Explaining shellfish variability in middens on the Meriam Islands, Torres Strait, Australia. / Bird, Douglas W.; Richardson, Jennifer L.; Veth, Peter M.; Barham, Anthony J.

In: Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 29, No. 5, 01.01.2002, p. 457-469.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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