Explicit memory training leads to improved memory for face-name pairs in patients with mild cognitive impairment: Results of a pilot investigation

Benjamin M. Hampstead, K. Sathian, Anna Bacon Moore, Carrie Nalisnick, Anthony Y. Stringer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Relatively few studies have examined the use of cognitive rehabilitation in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), largely due to the assumption that training will not improve functioning in patients with progressive conditions. Face-name association, an ecologically valid task, is both dependent on the explicit memory system and difficult for MCI patients. During three hour-long sessions, eight patients diagnosed with MCI were trained in the use of explicit memory strategies with 45 face-name pairs. For each pair, they were taught to visually identify a facial feature, link a phonological cue to that feature, and recall the associated name. There was significant improvement in recognition accuracy, along with faster reaction times, for trained face-name pairs. Improved accuracy persisted when tested one month after training. Significant, but less, improvement was also found on untrained stimuli, raising the possibility of generalization of training strategies. Preliminary results suggest strategy-based cognitive rehabilitation may be beneficial in patients with MCI, though these results must be replicated with a control group to rule out practice effects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)883-889
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2008

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Names
Learning
Rehabilitation
Reaction Time
Cues
Cognitive Dysfunction
Control Groups

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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abstract = "Relatively few studies have examined the use of cognitive rehabilitation in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), largely due to the assumption that training will not improve functioning in patients with progressive conditions. Face-name association, an ecologically valid task, is both dependent on the explicit memory system and difficult for MCI patients. During three hour-long sessions, eight patients diagnosed with MCI were trained in the use of explicit memory strategies with 45 face-name pairs. For each pair, they were taught to visually identify a facial feature, link a phonological cue to that feature, and recall the associated name. There was significant improvement in recognition accuracy, along with faster reaction times, for trained face-name pairs. Improved accuracy persisted when tested one month after training. Significant, but less, improvement was also found on untrained stimuli, raising the possibility of generalization of training strategies. Preliminary results suggest strategy-based cognitive rehabilitation may be beneficial in patients with MCI, though these results must be replicated with a control group to rule out practice effects.",
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Explicit memory training leads to improved memory for face-name pairs in patients with mild cognitive impairment : Results of a pilot investigation. / Hampstead, Benjamin M.; Sathian, K.; Moore, Anna Bacon; Nalisnick, Carrie; Stringer, Anthony Y.

In: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, Vol. 14, No. 5, 15.09.2008, p. 883-889.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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