Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the brief symptom inventory among substance abusers

Lois A. Benishek, Catherine M. Hayes, Kathleen J. Bieschke, Bertram E. Stöffelmayr

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28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) is a multidimensional measure of psychological and somatic distress that is used to obtain detailed symptom profiles. The BSI has been questioned regarding its ability to differentiate among its proposed nine dimensions, and the factor structure underlying the BSI has not been confirmed with substance abusers. Exploratory factor analyses were completed on substance abusers (n(total) = 453; n(women) = 121; n(men) = 332); nine factors were not identified. Five models were then submitted to confirmatory factor analyses using an independent sample of substance abusers (n(total) = 456; n(women) = 127; n(men) = 329). A one-factor model (i.e., global psychological distress) best represented the data. Implications for using the BSI in research and counseling are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-114
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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