Exploring the Paradox of the Enjoyment of Sad Films

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

184 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The concept of met emotions (appraisals of emotional reactions) was used in three studies designed to explore the enjoyment of sad films and to develop a scale that would reflect such gratifications. Study 1 showed that sad reactions in response to this type of entertainment were positively related to enjoyment and that females reported stronger reactions both in terms of enjoyment and in terms of sad responses than males. The Sad‐Film Scale (SFS) developed in Study 1 was positively associated with measures of empathy, femininity, and positive appraisals of sad emotions. Study 2 found evidence of the scale's reliability and validity. Study 3 demonstrated predictive validity of the SFS in terms of the enjoyment of a specific sad film and in terms of favorable ratings of met emotions reported directly after viewing a sad film.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-342
Number of pages28
JournalHuman Communication Research
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993

Fingerprint

Femininity
Reproducibility of Results
femininity
empathy
entertainment
rating
evidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Communication
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Anthropology
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

@article{0598c06414964ca09bedec085ec3cdff,
title = "Exploring the Paradox of the Enjoyment of Sad Films",
abstract = "The concept of met emotions (appraisals of emotional reactions) was used in three studies designed to explore the enjoyment of sad films and to develop a scale that would reflect such gratifications. Study 1 showed that sad reactions in response to this type of entertainment were positively related to enjoyment and that females reported stronger reactions both in terms of enjoyment and in terms of sad responses than males. The Sad‐Film Scale (SFS) developed in Study 1 was positively associated with measures of empathy, femininity, and positive appraisals of sad emotions. Study 2 found evidence of the scale's reliability and validity. Study 3 demonstrated predictive validity of the SFS in terms of the enjoyment of a specific sad film and in terms of favorable ratings of met emotions reported directly after viewing a sad film.",
author = "Oliver, {Mary Beth}",
year = "1993",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1468-2958.1993.tb00304.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "19",
pages = "315--342",
journal = "Human Communication Research",
issn = "0360-3989",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

Exploring the Paradox of the Enjoyment of Sad Films. / Oliver, Mary Beth.

In: Human Communication Research, Vol. 19, No. 3, 01.01.1993, p. 315-342.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Exploring the Paradox of the Enjoyment of Sad Films

AU - Oliver, Mary Beth

PY - 1993/1/1

Y1 - 1993/1/1

N2 - The concept of met emotions (appraisals of emotional reactions) was used in three studies designed to explore the enjoyment of sad films and to develop a scale that would reflect such gratifications. Study 1 showed that sad reactions in response to this type of entertainment were positively related to enjoyment and that females reported stronger reactions both in terms of enjoyment and in terms of sad responses than males. The Sad‐Film Scale (SFS) developed in Study 1 was positively associated with measures of empathy, femininity, and positive appraisals of sad emotions. Study 2 found evidence of the scale's reliability and validity. Study 3 demonstrated predictive validity of the SFS in terms of the enjoyment of a specific sad film and in terms of favorable ratings of met emotions reported directly after viewing a sad film.

AB - The concept of met emotions (appraisals of emotional reactions) was used in three studies designed to explore the enjoyment of sad films and to develop a scale that would reflect such gratifications. Study 1 showed that sad reactions in response to this type of entertainment were positively related to enjoyment and that females reported stronger reactions both in terms of enjoyment and in terms of sad responses than males. The Sad‐Film Scale (SFS) developed in Study 1 was positively associated with measures of empathy, femininity, and positive appraisals of sad emotions. Study 2 found evidence of the scale's reliability and validity. Study 3 demonstrated predictive validity of the SFS in terms of the enjoyment of a specific sad film and in terms of favorable ratings of met emotions reported directly after viewing a sad film.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84986364832&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84986364832&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1468-2958.1993.tb00304.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1468-2958.1993.tb00304.x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84986364832

VL - 19

SP - 315

EP - 342

JO - Human Communication Research

JF - Human Communication Research

SN - 0360-3989

IS - 3

ER -