Secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1) in the bovine corpus luteum (CL) regulates cell function during the transitional periods of luteinization and luteal regression. The objectives were to i) characterize SPP1 expression in the CL throughout the estrous cycle, ii) determine factors that regulate SPP1 expression in luteal cells, and iii) examine the role of SPP1 in lymphocyte chemotaxis, proliferation, and function. SPP1 mRNAwas greater in fully functional (d10) CL and late cycle (d18) CL compared with developing (d4) CL. Additionally, SPP1 mRNA increased within 1 h and remained elevated 4 and 8 h following induction of luteolysis with prostaglandin (PG)F2α. Expression of the SPP1 receptor, β3 integrin, was not different throughout the estrous cycle but decreased following induction of luteolysis. Expression of CD44 increased during the estrous cycle but did not change during luteal regression. In cultured luteal cells, SPP1 mRNA was upregulated by PGF2α and/or tumor necrosis factor α. Western blots revealed the presence of both full-length SPP1 and multiple cleavage products in cultured luteal cells and luteal tissue. Depletion of endogenous SPP1 did not hinder luteal cell-induced lymphocyte proliferation or lymphocyte phenotype but did inhibit lymphocyte migration toward luteal cells. Based on these data, it is concluded that SPP1 is initially activated to establish and maintain cellular interactions between steroidogenic and nonsteroidogenic cells during the development of the CL. Upon induction of luteolysis, SPP1 serves as a signaling molecule to recruit or activate immune cells to facilitate luteal regression and tissue degradation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- Cell Biology