Expression of pigment epithelium-derived factor in normal adult rat eye and experimental choroidal neovascularization

Nahoko Ogata, Mitsumasa Wada, Tsuyosbi Otsuji, Nobuo Jo, Joyce Tombran-Tink, Miyo Matsumura

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128 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a protein produced by the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. Recent studies have implicated PEDF in activities that are inhibitory to angiogenesis. In this study, the expression of PEDF was investigated in normal rat eyes and in eyes with experimentally induced choroidal neovascularization and compared with the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Methods. Choroidal neovascularization was induced by laser photocoagulation in rat eyes. At intervals of up to 2 weeks after photocoagulation, the eyes were removed and prepared for in situ hybridization and immunohistochemical study. In situ hybridization was performed with digoxigenin-labeled PEDF riboprobes. Protein expression of PEDF and VEGF was studied immunohistochemically. Results. In normal adult rat eyes PEDF mRNA was observed mainly in the corneal epithelial and endothelial cells, lens epithelial cells, ciliary epithelial cells, retinal ganglion cells, and the RPE cells. During the development of choroidal neovascularization, PEDF mRNA, PEDF protein, and VEGF protein were strongly detected in many cells within the laser lesions at 3 days after photocoagulation, after which levels gradually declined. However, PEDF was still expressed in the RPE cells that proliferated and covered the neovascular tissues at 2 weeks, whereas VEGF protein was weakly expressed in endothelial cells in choroidal neovascularization. Conclusions. PEDF is expressed in different cell types of normal rat eyes. The expression of PEDF was detected in the choroidal neovascular tissues induced by photocoagulation, and these findings suggest that PEDF may modulate the process of choroidal neovascularization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1168-1175
Number of pages8
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume43
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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