Expression of Rous sarcoma virus transforming protein pp60v-src in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells.

J. S. Brugge, G. Jarosik, J. Andersen, A. Queral-Lustig, M. Fedor-Chaiken, J. R. Broach

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Abstract

The Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) pp60v-src protein was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells either from a plasmid vector carrying the v-src gene or in yeast cells containing a single-copy v-src gene chromosomally integrated. In both yeast strains, v-src gene transcription is regulated by the galactose-inducible GAL10 promoter. Growth in galactose-containing medium resulted in constitutive expression of pp60v-src in the integrated strain and transient expression of higher levels of pp60v-src in the plasmid-bearing strain. The concentration of pp60v-src in the plasmid-bearing strain at its peak of expression was approximately threefold lower than that found in RSV-transformed mammalian cells. pp60v-src synthesized in yeast cells was phosphorylated in vivo on sites within the amino and carboxyl halves of the molecule. In immune complex kinase assays, the yeast pp60v-src was autophosphorylated on tyrosine and was able to phosphorylate exogenous substrates such as casein and enolase. The specific activity of pp60v-src synthesized in yeast cells was approximately 5- to 10-fold higher than that made in mammalian cells. Induction of pp60v-src caused the death of the plasmid-bearing yeast strain and transient inhibition of growth of the single-copy strain. Concomitantly, this induction resulted in high levels of tyrosine phosphorylation of yeast cell proteins. This indicates that pp60v-src functions as a tyrosine-specific phosphotransferase in yeast cells and suggests that hyperphosphorylation of yeast proteins is inimical to cell growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2180-2187
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume7
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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