Expression of the autoimmune Fcgr2b NZW allele fails to be upregulated in germinal center B cells and is associated with increased IgG production

Z. S.M. Rahman, H. Niu, D. Perry, E. Wakeland, T. Manser, L. Morel

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Abstract

The inhibitory receptor FcγRIIb regulates B-cell functions. Genetic studies have associated Fcgr2b polymorphisms and lupus susceptibility in both humans and murine models, in which B cells express reduced FcγRIIb levels. Furthermore, FcγRIIb absence results in lupus on the appropriate genetic background, and lentiviral-mediated FcγRIIb overexpression prevents disease in the NZM2410 lupus mouse. The NZM2410/NZW allele Fcgr2b is, however, located in-between Sle1a and Sle1b, two potent susceptibility loci, making it difficult to evaluate Fcr2bNZW independent contribution. By using two congenic strains that each carries only Sle1a (B6.Sle1a(15-353)), or Fcr2bNZW in the absence of Sle1a or Sle1b (B6.Sle1(111-148)), we show that the Fcr2bNZW allele does not upregulate its expression on germinal center B cells and plasma cells, as does the C57BL/6 allele on B6.Sle1a(15-353) B cells. Furthermore, in the absence of the flanking Sle1a and Sle1b, Fcr2bNZW does not produce an autoimmune phenotype, but is associated with an increased number of class-switched plasma cells. These results show that while a lower level of FcγRIIb does not by itself induce the development of autoreactive B cells, it has the potential to amplify the contribution of autoreactive B cells induced by other lupus-susceptibility loci by enhancing the production of class-switched plasma cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)604-612
Number of pages9
JournalGenes and Immunity
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

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Germinal Center
B-Lymphocytes
Immunoglobulin G
Alleles
Plasma Cells
Up-Regulation
Phenotype

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

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title = "Expression of the autoimmune Fcgr2b NZW allele fails to be upregulated in germinal center B cells and is associated with increased IgG production",
abstract = "The inhibitory receptor FcγRIIb regulates B-cell functions. Genetic studies have associated Fcgr2b polymorphisms and lupus susceptibility in both humans and murine models, in which B cells express reduced FcγRIIb levels. Furthermore, FcγRIIb absence results in lupus on the appropriate genetic background, and lentiviral-mediated FcγRIIb overexpression prevents disease in the NZM2410 lupus mouse. The NZM2410/NZW allele Fcgr2b is, however, located in-between Sle1a and Sle1b, two potent susceptibility loci, making it difficult to evaluate Fcr2bNZW independent contribution. By using two congenic strains that each carries only Sle1a (B6.Sle1a(15-353)), or Fcr2bNZW in the absence of Sle1a or Sle1b (B6.Sle1(111-148)), we show that the Fcr2bNZW allele does not upregulate its expression on germinal center B cells and plasma cells, as does the C57BL/6 allele on B6.Sle1a(15-353) B cells. Furthermore, in the absence of the flanking Sle1a and Sle1b, Fcr2bNZW does not produce an autoimmune phenotype, but is associated with an increased number of class-switched plasma cells. These results show that while a lower level of FcγRIIb does not by itself induce the development of autoreactive B cells, it has the potential to amplify the contribution of autoreactive B cells induced by other lupus-susceptibility loci by enhancing the production of class-switched plasma cells.",
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Expression of the autoimmune Fcgr2b NZW allele fails to be upregulated in germinal center B cells and is associated with increased IgG production. / Rahman, Z. S.M.; Niu, H.; Perry, D.; Wakeland, E.; Manser, T.; Morel, L.

In: Genes and Immunity, Vol. 8, No. 7, 01.10.2007, p. 604-612.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Expression of the autoimmune Fcgr2b NZW allele fails to be upregulated in germinal center B cells and is associated with increased IgG production

AU - Rahman, Z. S.M.

AU - Niu, H.

AU - Perry, D.

AU - Wakeland, E.

AU - Manser, T.

AU - Morel, L.

PY - 2007/10/1

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N2 - The inhibitory receptor FcγRIIb regulates B-cell functions. Genetic studies have associated Fcgr2b polymorphisms and lupus susceptibility in both humans and murine models, in which B cells express reduced FcγRIIb levels. Furthermore, FcγRIIb absence results in lupus on the appropriate genetic background, and lentiviral-mediated FcγRIIb overexpression prevents disease in the NZM2410 lupus mouse. The NZM2410/NZW allele Fcgr2b is, however, located in-between Sle1a and Sle1b, two potent susceptibility loci, making it difficult to evaluate Fcr2bNZW independent contribution. By using two congenic strains that each carries only Sle1a (B6.Sle1a(15-353)), or Fcr2bNZW in the absence of Sle1a or Sle1b (B6.Sle1(111-148)), we show that the Fcr2bNZW allele does not upregulate its expression on germinal center B cells and plasma cells, as does the C57BL/6 allele on B6.Sle1a(15-353) B cells. Furthermore, in the absence of the flanking Sle1a and Sle1b, Fcr2bNZW does not produce an autoimmune phenotype, but is associated with an increased number of class-switched plasma cells. These results show that while a lower level of FcγRIIb does not by itself induce the development of autoreactive B cells, it has the potential to amplify the contribution of autoreactive B cells induced by other lupus-susceptibility loci by enhancing the production of class-switched plasma cells.

AB - The inhibitory receptor FcγRIIb regulates B-cell functions. Genetic studies have associated Fcgr2b polymorphisms and lupus susceptibility in both humans and murine models, in which B cells express reduced FcγRIIb levels. Furthermore, FcγRIIb absence results in lupus on the appropriate genetic background, and lentiviral-mediated FcγRIIb overexpression prevents disease in the NZM2410 lupus mouse. The NZM2410/NZW allele Fcgr2b is, however, located in-between Sle1a and Sle1b, two potent susceptibility loci, making it difficult to evaluate Fcr2bNZW independent contribution. By using two congenic strains that each carries only Sle1a (B6.Sle1a(15-353)), or Fcr2bNZW in the absence of Sle1a or Sle1b (B6.Sle1(111-148)), we show that the Fcr2bNZW allele does not upregulate its expression on germinal center B cells and plasma cells, as does the C57BL/6 allele on B6.Sle1a(15-353) B cells. Furthermore, in the absence of the flanking Sle1a and Sle1b, Fcr2bNZW does not produce an autoimmune phenotype, but is associated with an increased number of class-switched plasma cells. These results show that while a lower level of FcγRIIb does not by itself induce the development of autoreactive B cells, it has the potential to amplify the contribution of autoreactive B cells induced by other lupus-susceptibility loci by enhancing the production of class-switched plasma cells.

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