Soybean rust caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow is a devastating foliar disease that has spread to most soybean growing regions throughout the world, including the USA. Four independent rust resistance genes, Rpp1-Rpp4, have been identified in soybean that recognize specific isolates of P. pachyrhizi. A suppressive subtraction hybridization (SSH) complementary DNA (cDNA) library was constructed from the soybean accession PI200492, which contains Rpp1, after inoculation with two different isolates of P. pachyrhizi that result in susceptible or immune reactions. Both forward and reverse SSH were performed using cDNA from messenger RNA pooled from 1, 6, 12, 24, and 48 h post-inoculation. A total of 1,728 SSH clones were sequenced and compared to sequences in GenBank for similarity. Microarray analyses were conducted on a custom 7883 soybean-cDNA clone array encompassing all of the soybean-rust SSH clones and expressed sequence tags from four other soybean cDNA libraries. Results of the microarray revealed 558 cDNA clones differentially expressed in the immune reaction. The majority of the upregulated cDNA clones fell into the functional category of defense. In particular, cDNA clones with similarity to peroxidases and lipoxygenases were prevalent. Downregulated cDNA clones included those with similarity to cell-wall-associated protein, such as extensins, proline-rich proteins, and xyloglucan endotransglycosylases.
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