Extensive storage of basal meltwater in the onset region of a major West Antarctic ice stream

Leo E. Peters, Sridhar Anandakrishnan, Richard B. Alley, Andrew M. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

A major meltwater body exists beneath a tributary of Bindschadler Ice Stream, West Artartica, in a region where subglacial lakes have not been mapped but near where rapid vertical motion of the ice sheet surface has suggested shifting of a subglacial water body. The water is trapped by a local reversal in ice-air surface slope arising from ice flow over variable basal topography and from the positive feedback of basal lubrication from the trapped water. Strong variations in the water content of the sediments upglacier of the water body arise from a similar process. These results are revealed by a novel application of the amplitude variation with offset (AVO) seismic technique. The existence of such water bodies and of the strong spatial variation in subglacial sediment properties is not captured in current models of subglacial hydrology, lubrication of ice stream motion, and sediment transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-254
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

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