Calf thymus DNA was methylated by reaction with N-[3H]-methyl-N-nitrosourea and the content of O6-methyldeoxy-guanosine, 3-methylthymidine and O4-methylthymidine was determined. It was found that O4-methylthymidine represented only 0.06 ± 0.02% of the total methylation and that the ratio of O6-methyldeoxyguanosine: O4-methylthymidine was 126 ± 31. 3-Methylthymidine represented only 0.05 ± 0.01% of the total radioactivity and the ratio of O6-methyl-deoxyguanosine: 3-methylthymidine was 171 ± 16. The ability of O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferases from Escherichia coli and from rat liver to repair O4-methylthymidine was determined using this methylated DNA as a substrate. When the methylated DNA substrate was incubated with an excess of either of the O6-alktylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferases > 95% of the O6-methyldeoxyguanosine was removed. The E. coli O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase also removed 89% of the O4-methylthymidine but the rat liver alkyltransferase did not alter the content of O4-methylthymidine. These results indicate that the mammalian O6-alkylguanine-DNA-alkyl-transferase is specific for O6-methylguanine and differs from the bacterial protein in that it does not demethylate O4-methylthymine at any significant rate. This shows that the rat O6- alkylguanine-DNA-alkyltransferase is not able to protect against the possible hazards of the promutagenic lesion, O4-methylthymidine, but the very low extent of formation of this product may limit its significance in carcinogenesis and mutagenesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research