Extreme-performance rubber nanocomposites for probing and excavating deep oil resources using multi-walled carbon nanotubes

Morinobu Endo, Toru Noguchi, Masaei Ito, Kenji Takeuchi, Takuya Hayashi, Yoong Ahm Kim, Takashi Wanibuchi, Hiroshi Jinnai, Mauricio Terrones, Mildred S. Dresselhaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The scarcity of oil resources is going to become one of the main factors threatening the stability of the global economy. To avoid an energy crisis in the future, it is essential to increase oil extraction in much deeper wells, experiencing higher temperatures and pressures. Exploring these deeper areas will demand novel and robust materials. Rubber sealants, or O-rings, are especially key components in enabling the probing and production of oil in deeper wells, so that higher temperature and pressure reservoirs are reached. In this account, it is demonstrated that carbon nanotubes homogeneously and randomly dispersed in rubber matrices, are able to generate durable sealants that operate satisfactorily at extremely high temperatures and pressures (e.g., 260°C and 239 MPa). The key issues in these novel composites are: i) the nanotube surface-control and reactivity, ii) the used of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)-embedded in fluorinated rubber, and iii) the formation of a cellulation structure. This rubber nanocomposite with a cellulation structure and having extreme performance leads to a balanced pressure resistance, sealing ability, thermal resistance, and durability, which can contribute to doubling the current average global oil recovery efficiency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3403-3409
Number of pages7
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume18
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 2008

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Rubber
rubber
Carbon nanotubes
Nanocomposites
resources
nanocomposites
Oils
oils
carbon nanotubes
sealers
Sealants
O rings
oil recovery
control surfaces
Control surfaces
sealing
economy
thermal resistance
durability

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Endo, Morinobu ; Noguchi, Toru ; Ito, Masaei ; Takeuchi, Kenji ; Hayashi, Takuya ; Kim, Yoong Ahm ; Wanibuchi, Takashi ; Jinnai, Hiroshi ; Terrones, Mauricio ; Dresselhaus, Mildred S. / Extreme-performance rubber nanocomposites for probing and excavating deep oil resources using multi-walled carbon nanotubes. In: Advanced Functional Materials. 2008 ; Vol. 18, No. 21. pp. 3403-3409.
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author = "Morinobu Endo and Toru Noguchi and Masaei Ito and Kenji Takeuchi and Takuya Hayashi and Kim, {Yoong Ahm} and Takashi Wanibuchi and Hiroshi Jinnai and Mauricio Terrones and Dresselhaus, {Mildred S.}",
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Endo, M, Noguchi, T, Ito, M, Takeuchi, K, Hayashi, T, Kim, YA, Wanibuchi, T, Jinnai, H, Terrones, M & Dresselhaus, MS 2008, 'Extreme-performance rubber nanocomposites for probing and excavating deep oil resources using multi-walled carbon nanotubes', Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 18, no. 21, pp. 3403-3409. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200801136

Extreme-performance rubber nanocomposites for probing and excavating deep oil resources using multi-walled carbon nanotubes. / Endo, Morinobu; Noguchi, Toru; Ito, Masaei; Takeuchi, Kenji; Hayashi, Takuya; Kim, Yoong Ahm; Wanibuchi, Takashi; Jinnai, Hiroshi; Terrones, Mauricio; Dresselhaus, Mildred S.

In: Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 18, No. 21, 10.11.2008, p. 3403-3409.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Endo, Morinobu

AU - Noguchi, Toru

AU - Ito, Masaei

AU - Takeuchi, Kenji

AU - Hayashi, Takuya

AU - Kim, Yoong Ahm

AU - Wanibuchi, Takashi

AU - Jinnai, Hiroshi

AU - Terrones, Mauricio

AU - Dresselhaus, Mildred S.

PY - 2008/11/10

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N2 - The scarcity of oil resources is going to become one of the main factors threatening the stability of the global economy. To avoid an energy crisis in the future, it is essential to increase oil extraction in much deeper wells, experiencing higher temperatures and pressures. Exploring these deeper areas will demand novel and robust materials. Rubber sealants, or O-rings, are especially key components in enabling the probing and production of oil in deeper wells, so that higher temperature and pressure reservoirs are reached. In this account, it is demonstrated that carbon nanotubes homogeneously and randomly dispersed in rubber matrices, are able to generate durable sealants that operate satisfactorily at extremely high temperatures and pressures (e.g., 260°C and 239 MPa). The key issues in these novel composites are: i) the nanotube surface-control and reactivity, ii) the used of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)-embedded in fluorinated rubber, and iii) the formation of a cellulation structure. This rubber nanocomposite with a cellulation structure and having extreme performance leads to a balanced pressure resistance, sealing ability, thermal resistance, and durability, which can contribute to doubling the current average global oil recovery efficiency.

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