Fabrication and characterization of filament wound elastomeric matrix composite materials

Ryan P. Emerson, Michael W. Orlet, Charles E. Bakis

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Elastomeric matrix composite materials have unique mechanical characteristics which make them attractive candidates for advanced flywheels and other design problems where extremely high resistance to matrix cracking with respect to strain is needed. A method of rapidly manufacturing filament wound rings and tubes of glass and carbon fiber reinforced polyurethane composite is described in this paper. The filament winding method involves the on-line impregnation of dry fiber tows with liquid matrix which is mixed with a solvent to achieve proper viscosity. The solvent is removed by heat flashing and the wet tows are deposited on a heated, rotating mandrel. The radial rate of deposition and temperature of the mandrel are chosen to gel the matrix on the fly and prevent fiber wrinkling for large radial thicknesses of material. Both hoop and helical windings of structures are included in this paper. Physical characteristics of the materials such as fiber and void contents are determined, along with thermo-mechanical properties such as stiffnesses, strengths, ultimate strains, and coefficients of thermal expansion. Predictions of helical-wound tube properties are made based on measurements of unidirectional properties. It is demonstrated that high quality rings and tubes can be efficiently manufactured by methods described in the paper.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)342-353
Number of pages12
JournalInternational SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (Proceedings)
Volume42
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
EventProceedings of the 1997 42nd International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition. Part 1 (of 2) - Anaheim, CA, USA
Duration: May 4 1997May 8 1997

Fingerprint

Fabrication
Composite materials
Fibers
Filament winding
Flywheels
Polyurethanes
Impregnation
Glass fibers
Carbon fibers
Thermal expansion
Gels
Stiffness
Viscosity
Mechanical properties
elastomeric
Liquids
Temperature
Hot Temperature
carbon fiber
fiberglass

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

@article{2e2b5a84213a4baf8eae34b82e11e7f6,
title = "Fabrication and characterization of filament wound elastomeric matrix composite materials",
abstract = "Elastomeric matrix composite materials have unique mechanical characteristics which make them attractive candidates for advanced flywheels and other design problems where extremely high resistance to matrix cracking with respect to strain is needed. A method of rapidly manufacturing filament wound rings and tubes of glass and carbon fiber reinforced polyurethane composite is described in this paper. The filament winding method involves the on-line impregnation of dry fiber tows with liquid matrix which is mixed with a solvent to achieve proper viscosity. The solvent is removed by heat flashing and the wet tows are deposited on a heated, rotating mandrel. The radial rate of deposition and temperature of the mandrel are chosen to gel the matrix on the fly and prevent fiber wrinkling for large radial thicknesses of material. Both hoop and helical windings of structures are included in this paper. Physical characteristics of the materials such as fiber and void contents are determined, along with thermo-mechanical properties such as stiffnesses, strengths, ultimate strains, and coefficients of thermal expansion. Predictions of helical-wound tube properties are made based on measurements of unidirectional properties. It is demonstrated that high quality rings and tubes can be efficiently manufactured by methods described in the paper.",
author = "Emerson, {Ryan P.} and Orlet, {Michael W.} and Bakis, {Charles E.}",
year = "1997",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "42",
pages = "342--353",
journal = "International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition",
issn = "0891-0138",
publisher = "Soc. for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering",
number = "1",

}

Fabrication and characterization of filament wound elastomeric matrix composite materials. / Emerson, Ryan P.; Orlet, Michael W.; Bakis, Charles E.

In: International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition (Proceedings), Vol. 42, No. 1, 01.01.1997, p. 342-353.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fabrication and characterization of filament wound elastomeric matrix composite materials

AU - Emerson, Ryan P.

AU - Orlet, Michael W.

AU - Bakis, Charles E.

PY - 1997/1/1

Y1 - 1997/1/1

N2 - Elastomeric matrix composite materials have unique mechanical characteristics which make them attractive candidates for advanced flywheels and other design problems where extremely high resistance to matrix cracking with respect to strain is needed. A method of rapidly manufacturing filament wound rings and tubes of glass and carbon fiber reinforced polyurethane composite is described in this paper. The filament winding method involves the on-line impregnation of dry fiber tows with liquid matrix which is mixed with a solvent to achieve proper viscosity. The solvent is removed by heat flashing and the wet tows are deposited on a heated, rotating mandrel. The radial rate of deposition and temperature of the mandrel are chosen to gel the matrix on the fly and prevent fiber wrinkling for large radial thicknesses of material. Both hoop and helical windings of structures are included in this paper. Physical characteristics of the materials such as fiber and void contents are determined, along with thermo-mechanical properties such as stiffnesses, strengths, ultimate strains, and coefficients of thermal expansion. Predictions of helical-wound tube properties are made based on measurements of unidirectional properties. It is demonstrated that high quality rings and tubes can be efficiently manufactured by methods described in the paper.

AB - Elastomeric matrix composite materials have unique mechanical characteristics which make them attractive candidates for advanced flywheels and other design problems where extremely high resistance to matrix cracking with respect to strain is needed. A method of rapidly manufacturing filament wound rings and tubes of glass and carbon fiber reinforced polyurethane composite is described in this paper. The filament winding method involves the on-line impregnation of dry fiber tows with liquid matrix which is mixed with a solvent to achieve proper viscosity. The solvent is removed by heat flashing and the wet tows are deposited on a heated, rotating mandrel. The radial rate of deposition and temperature of the mandrel are chosen to gel the matrix on the fly and prevent fiber wrinkling for large radial thicknesses of material. Both hoop and helical windings of structures are included in this paper. Physical characteristics of the materials such as fiber and void contents are determined, along with thermo-mechanical properties such as stiffnesses, strengths, ultimate strains, and coefficients of thermal expansion. Predictions of helical-wound tube properties are made based on measurements of unidirectional properties. It is demonstrated that high quality rings and tubes can be efficiently manufactured by methods described in the paper.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030685264&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030685264&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:0030685264

VL - 42

SP - 342

EP - 353

JO - International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition

JF - International SAMPE Symposium and Exhibition

SN - 0891-0138

IS - 1

ER -