Fabrication and design of a nanoparticulate enabled micro forceps

M. E. Aguirre, G. Hayes, M. Frecker, J. Adair, N. Antolino

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A novel fabrication process and design optimization method for a micro forceps is presented. This work is part of a larger research effort to design and fabricate nanoparticulate enabled surgical instruments. The micro forceps is a monolithic compliant mechanism that due to its two-dimensional design can be manufactured using the new fabrication process. The process begins with fabrication of an array of molds on refractory substrates using a modified UV lithography technique. In parallel, engineered ceramic nanocolloidal slurries are prepared for gel-casting into the molds. Mold infiltration takes place via a squeegee technique adapted from screen printing with excess slurry removed using an ethanol wipe. Finally, the photoresist molds are removed with a reactive ion etch (RIE) step, and ceramic parts sintered to full density. Employing this manufacturing technique for the compliant micro forceps design is advantageous because a large number of parts can be produced with a large aspect ratio (≥40:1), sharp edges (∼ 1 μm), and a resolution of 2 μm. Two optimization problems are formulated to determine the effect of dimensional parameters and material strength on the performance of the compliant micro forceps. First, performance is sensitive to small changes in the geometry, indicating that dimensions and shrinkage rates must be carefully controlled during processing. Second, performance can also be improved by using very large aspect ratios and/or improvements in material strength. A sample part manufactured using the new process is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2008 Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC 2008
Pages361-370
Number of pages10
EditionPART A
StatePublished - Nov 23 2009
Event2008 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC 2008 - New York City, NY, United States
Duration: Aug 3 2008Aug 6 2008

Publication series

Name2008 Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC 2008
NumberPART A
Volume2

Other

Other2008 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC 2008
CountryUnited States
CityNew York City, NY
Period8/3/088/6/08

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Aguirre, M. E., Hayes, G., Frecker, M., Adair, J., & Antolino, N. (2009). Fabrication and design of a nanoparticulate enabled micro forceps. In 2008 Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC 2008 (PART A ed., pp. 361-370). (2008 Proceedings of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, DETC 2008; Vol. 2, No. PART A).