Spherical urchin-like graphitic carbon nitride nanoparticles with high specific surface area were prepared by thermal-induced self-condensation of melamine and a flower-like porous silica template. These urchin-like g-C3N4 were characterized by TEM, N2 physical adsorption, XRD, FT-IR, XPS, UV-Vis and PL spectra. After complete removal of the silica template, the urchin-like g-C3N4 particles exhibited almost 12.3 times higher activity than the conventional bulk g-C3N4 during photocatalytic degradation of RhB under visible light irradiation. The enhanced photocatalytic activity can be attributed to the increased surface area (SBET = 131.5 m2 g-1) together with the reduced recombination of photogenerated electron-hole pairs, as confirmed by the PL spectra. These urchin-like g-C3N4 nanoparticles demonstrate semiconductor-redox functions that make them candidates for use as catalyst supports, nitrogen-rich templates, and selective organic synthesis photocatalysts.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)