Facilitating morphosyntactic and semantic prediction among second language speakers of German

Courtney Johnson Fowler, Carrie Neal Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using two visual priming experiments, the present study investigates whether presenting facilitative semantic (i.e. colour) and morphosyntactic (i.e. grammatical gender) information in a prime image prior to reading a target sentence facilitates naming of a sentence-final target image among L1 German and L1 English-L2 German speakers. In Experiment 1, L1 and L2 German speakers used both semantic and gender cues to predict the sentence-final target image. In Experiment 2, a new group of L2 German speakers used gender cues to predict, but this effect was stronger when gender information was provided via a gender-marked indefinite article and adjective in the prime, than when the prime contained only the gender-marked article. These results suggest that if L2 speakers are able to overcome unstable and often inaccurate L2 gender assignment, they can use gender cues in a native-like manner for prediction, but that multiple gender-marked cues may be necessary for such prediction to occur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)883-901
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Cognitive Psychology
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 17 2017

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Semantics
Language
Cues
Reading
Color

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

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abstract = "Using two visual priming experiments, the present study investigates whether presenting facilitative semantic (i.e. colour) and morphosyntactic (i.e. grammatical gender) information in a prime image prior to reading a target sentence facilitates naming of a sentence-final target image among L1 German and L1 English-L2 German speakers. In Experiment 1, L1 and L2 German speakers used both semantic and gender cues to predict the sentence-final target image. In Experiment 2, a new group of L2 German speakers used gender cues to predict, but this effect was stronger when gender information was provided via a gender-marked indefinite article and adjective in the prime, than when the prime contained only the gender-marked article. These results suggest that if L2 speakers are able to overcome unstable and often inaccurate L2 gender assignment, they can use gender cues in a native-like manner for prediction, but that multiple gender-marked cues may be necessary for such prediction to occur.",
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Facilitating morphosyntactic and semantic prediction among second language speakers of German. / Johnson Fowler, Courtney; Jackson, Carrie Neal.

In: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 29, No. 8, 17.11.2017, p. 883-901.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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