Factorial and criterion validity of scores of a measure of belonging in youth development programs

Dawn Anderson-Butcher, David E. Conroy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many youth development programs, including the Boys & Girls Clubs of America, feature belonging as a central piece in their theories of change. From a psychometric perspective, little is known about measures of belonging. This research examined the factorial validity, internal consistency, and predictive validity of scores from one measure of belonging to an after-school youth development program. Confirmatory factor analysis yielded a five-item measure from a calibration analysis that demonstrated "tight" cross validity in a cross-validation sample as well as factorial invariance between females and males. Internal consistency estimates for this 5-item scale exceeded.90 in both samples. Belonging scores were positively related to actual program attendance over a 6-month period, self-reported attendance in the last week, and protective factors found in communities. Belonging scores were moderately and negatively related to community-based risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)857-876
Number of pages20
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

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Factor analysis
Factorial
Invariance
Internal Consistency
Calibration
Psychometrics
Statistical Factor Analysis
Confirmatory Factor Analysis
clubs
Risk Factors
Cross-validation
psychometrics
community
factor analysis
Research
Estimate
school
Community
Protective Factors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

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Factorial and criterion validity of scores of a measure of belonging in youth development programs. / Anderson-Butcher, Dawn; Conroy, David E.

In: Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 62, No. 5, 01.01.2002, p. 857-876.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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