The GABA-B agonist baclofen has been reported to reduce the consumption of vegetable shortening, but not lard, in rats. This study sought to examine some of the factors that could account for these differences. Baclofen (0, 1.0, 1.8, 3.2 mg/kg, intraperitoneal) was tested: (i) on shortening and lard intake, (ii) under 'binge-type' and non-'binge-type' conditions, (iii) when each fat was presented alone or simultaneously, and (iv) with a 30-min or no pretreatment time. With a 30-min pretreatment time, baclofen (3.2 mg/kg, intraperitoneal) consistently reduced shortening intake under 'binge-type' and non-'binge-type' conditions, as well as when shortening was presented alone or when lard was simultaneously available. Baclofen also reduced lard intake under 'binge-type' and non-'binge-type' conditions, but only when lard was presented alone. Baclofen had no effect on chow intake. When each fat was presented alone, and with no pretreatment time, the results were less consistent; baclofen reduced shortening intake only under non-'binge-type' conditions, and lard intake only under 'binge-type' conditions, and also stimulated chow intake. In summary, the type of fat, the presentation mode (one fat presented alone or two fats simultaneously), and the time between baclofen administration and intake all influence the ability of baclofen to reduce fat intake.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Psychiatry and Mental health