Factors associated with large improvements in health-related quality of life in patients with atrial fibrillation: Results from orbit-af

Benjamin A. Steinberg, Da Juanicia N. Holmes, Karen Pieper, Larry A. Allen, Paul S. Chan, Michael D. Ezekowitz, James V. Freeman, Gregg C. Fonarow, Bernard J. Gersh, Elaine M. Hylek, Peter R. Kowey, Kenneth W. Mahaffey, Gerald Naccarelli, James Reiffel, Daniel E. Singer, Eric D. Peterson, Jonathan P. Piccini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) adversely impacts health-related quality of life (hrQoL). While some patients demonstrate improvements in hrQoL, the factors associated with large improvements in hrQoL are not well described. Methods: We assessed factors associated with a 1-year increase in the Atrial Fibrillation Effect on Quality-of-Life score of 1 SD (≥18 points; 3× clinically important difference), among outpatients in the Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation I registry. Results: Overall, 28% (181/636) of patients had such a hrQoL improvement. Compared with patients not showing large hrQoL improvement, they were of similar age (median 73 versus 74, P=0.3), equally likely to be female (44% versus 48%, P=0.3), but more likely to have newly diagnosed AF at baseline (18% versus 8%; P=0.0004), prior antiarrhythmic drug use (52% versus 40%, P=0.005), baseline antiarrhythmic drug use (34.8% versus 26.8%, P=0.045), and more likely to undergo AF-related procedures during follow-up (AF ablation: 6.6% versus 2.0%, P=0.003; cardioversion: 12.2% versus 5.9%, P=0.008). In multivariable analysis, a history of alcohol abuse (adjusted OR, 2.41; P=0.01) and increased baseline diastolic blood pressure (adjusted OR, 1.23 per 10-point increase and >65 mm Hg; P=0.04) were associated with large improvements in hrQoL at 1 year, whereas patients with prior stroke/transient ischemic attack, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and peripheral arterial disease were less likely to improve (P<0.05 for each). Conclusions: In this national registry of patients with AF, potentially treatable AF risk factors are associated with large hrQoL improvement, whereas less reversible conditions appeared negatively associated with hrQoL improvement. Understanding which patients are most likely to have large hrQoL improvement may facilitate targeting interventions for high-value care that optimizes patient-reported outcomes in AF. Registration: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01165710.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)408-417
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Steinberg, B. A., Holmes, D. J. N., Pieper, K., Allen, L. A., Chan, P. S., Ezekowitz, M. D., Freeman, J. V., Fonarow, G. C., Gersh, B. J., Hylek, E. M., Kowey, P. R., Mahaffey, K. W., Naccarelli, G., Reiffel, J., Singer, D. E., Peterson, E. D., & Piccini, J. P. (Accepted/In press). Factors associated with large improvements in health-related quality of life in patients with atrial fibrillation: Results from orbit-af. Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, 408-417. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCEP.119.007775