Factors influencing infection of mechanical wounds by Fusarium circinatum on Monterey pines (Pinus radiata)

J. M. Sakamoto, T. R. Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pitch canker, caused by the fungus Fusarium circinatum, is a disease affecting many pine tree species. In California, Pinus radiata (Monterey pine) is the principal pine host affected by pitch canker. This investigation into factors affecting infection frequency by F. circinatum of P. radiata examined the influence of: (i) wound size; (ii) relative humidity; (iii) time of inoculation; (iv) inoculum density; and (v) wound age. Wounded branches sustained significantly more infections when large-diameter (1.6 mm) rather than small-diameter (0.5 mm) wounds were made. Infection frequencies tended to be higher at 100% RH than at ambient humidity, although these differences were not statistically significant. Infection frequencies were significantly higher on branches inoculated after 17.00 h than on branches inoculated before noon. Infection frequencies were significantly higher for wounded branches spray-inoculated with 5 × 107 rather than 1 × 10 7 spores mL-1. Infection frequencies of pruning wounds declined as wounds aged.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-136
Number of pages7
JournalPlant Pathology
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006

Fingerprint

Fusarium circinatum
Pinus
Fusarium
plant damage
Wound Infection
Pinus radiata
Infection
infection
Wounds and Injuries
Humidity
inoculum density
Spores
pruning
humidity
relative humidity
Fungi
spores
fungi

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture

Cite this

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abstract = "Pitch canker, caused by the fungus Fusarium circinatum, is a disease affecting many pine tree species. In California, Pinus radiata (Monterey pine) is the principal pine host affected by pitch canker. This investigation into factors affecting infection frequency by F. circinatum of P. radiata examined the influence of: (i) wound size; (ii) relative humidity; (iii) time of inoculation; (iv) inoculum density; and (v) wound age. Wounded branches sustained significantly more infections when large-diameter (1.6 mm) rather than small-diameter (0.5 mm) wounds were made. Infection frequencies tended to be higher at 100{\%} RH than at ambient humidity, although these differences were not statistically significant. Infection frequencies were significantly higher on branches inoculated after 17.00 h than on branches inoculated before noon. Infection frequencies were significantly higher for wounded branches spray-inoculated with 5 × 107 rather than 1 × 10 7 spores mL-1. Infection frequencies of pruning wounds declined as wounds aged.",
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Factors influencing infection of mechanical wounds by Fusarium circinatum on Monterey pines (Pinus radiata). / Sakamoto, J. M.; Gordon, T. R.

In: Plant Pathology, Vol. 55, No. 1, 01.02.2006, p. 130-136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Pitch canker, caused by the fungus Fusarium circinatum, is a disease affecting many pine tree species. In California, Pinus radiata (Monterey pine) is the principal pine host affected by pitch canker. This investigation into factors affecting infection frequency by F. circinatum of P. radiata examined the influence of: (i) wound size; (ii) relative humidity; (iii) time of inoculation; (iv) inoculum density; and (v) wound age. Wounded branches sustained significantly more infections when large-diameter (1.6 mm) rather than small-diameter (0.5 mm) wounds were made. Infection frequencies tended to be higher at 100% RH than at ambient humidity, although these differences were not statistically significant. Infection frequencies were significantly higher on branches inoculated after 17.00 h than on branches inoculated before noon. Infection frequencies were significantly higher for wounded branches spray-inoculated with 5 × 107 rather than 1 × 10 7 spores mL-1. Infection frequencies of pruning wounds declined as wounds aged.

AB - Pitch canker, caused by the fungus Fusarium circinatum, is a disease affecting many pine tree species. In California, Pinus radiata (Monterey pine) is the principal pine host affected by pitch canker. This investigation into factors affecting infection frequency by F. circinatum of P. radiata examined the influence of: (i) wound size; (ii) relative humidity; (iii) time of inoculation; (iv) inoculum density; and (v) wound age. Wounded branches sustained significantly more infections when large-diameter (1.6 mm) rather than small-diameter (0.5 mm) wounds were made. Infection frequencies tended to be higher at 100% RH than at ambient humidity, although these differences were not statistically significant. Infection frequencies were significantly higher on branches inoculated after 17.00 h than on branches inoculated before noon. Infection frequencies were significantly higher for wounded branches spray-inoculated with 5 × 107 rather than 1 × 10 7 spores mL-1. Infection frequencies of pruning wounds declined as wounds aged.

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