Specific pathogen-free IL-10 KO mice failed to develop inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), whereas IL-10/vitamin D receptor (VDR) double KO mice developed fulminating IBD. WT CD4 T cells inhibited experimental IBD, while VDR KO CD4 T cells failed to suppress IBD. VDR KO mice had normal numbers and functions of regulatory T cells. The percentages of IL-17- and IFN-γ-secreting T cells in the gut of mice reconstituted with WT and VDR KO CD4 T cells were also not different. Instead, there were twice as many CD8αα intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) in mice that were reconstituted with WT CD4 T cells than in mice reconstituted with VDR KO CD4 T cells. Furthermore, VDR KO mice had reduced numbers of CD8αα IEL, absent CD4/CD8αα populations, and as a result low IL-10 production in the IEL. The lack of CD8αα IEL was due in part to decreased CCR9 expression on T cells that resulted in the failure of the VDR KO T cells to home to the small intestine. We conclude that the VDR mediates T cell homing to the gut and as a result the VDR KO mouse has reduced numbers of CD8αα IEL with low levels of IL-10 leading to increased inflammatory response to the normally harmless commensal flora.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Dec 30 2008|
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