Familial classification of the boraginales

Federico Luebert, Lorenzo Cecchi, Michael W. Frohlich, Marc Gottschling, C. Matt Guilliams, Kristen E. Hasenstab-Lehman, Hartmut H. Hilger, James S. Miller, Moritz Mittelbach, Mare Nazaire, Massimo Nepi, Daniele Nocentini, Dietrich Ober, Richard G. Olmstead, Federico Selvi, Michael G. Simpson, Karel Sutorý, Benito Valdés, Genevieve K. Walden, Maximilian Weigend

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Boraginales are now universally accepted as monophyletic and firmly placed in Lamiidae. However, a consensus about familial classification has remained elusive, with some advocating recognition of a single, widely variable family, and others proposing recognition of several distinct families. A consensus classification is proposed here, based on recent molecular phylogenetic studies, morphological characters, and taking nomenclatural stability into consideration. We suggest the recognition of eleven, morphologically well-defined and clearly monophyletic families, namely the Boraginaceae s.str., Codonaceae, Coldeniaceae fam. nov., Cordiaceae, Ehretiaceae, Heliotropiaceae, Hoplestigmataceae, Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae, Namaceae, and Wellstediaceae. Descriptions, synonomy, a taxonomic key, and a list of genera for these eleven families are provided, including the new family Coldeniaceae (monogeneric) and Namaceae (segregated from Hydrophyllaceae and comprising Nama, Eriodictyon, Turricula, and Wigandia), the latter necessitating a revised circumscription of a more morphologically coherent Hydrophyllaceae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)502-522
Number of pages21
JournalTaxon
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 24 2016

Fingerprint

taxonomy
Eriodictyon
Nama
taxonomic keys
Boraginaceae
new family
phylogeny
Hydrophyllaceae
Boraginales
family
phylogenetics
Cordiaceae
Codonaceae
Wellstediaceae
Heliotropiaceae
Ehretiaceae

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Luebert, F., Cecchi, L., Frohlich, M. W., Gottschling, M., Guilliams, C. M., Hasenstab-Lehman, K. E., ... Weigend, M. (2016). Familial classification of the boraginales. Taxon, 65(3), 502-522. https://doi.org/10.12705/653.5
Luebert, Federico ; Cecchi, Lorenzo ; Frohlich, Michael W. ; Gottschling, Marc ; Guilliams, C. Matt ; Hasenstab-Lehman, Kristen E. ; Hilger, Hartmut H. ; Miller, James S. ; Mittelbach, Moritz ; Nazaire, Mare ; Nepi, Massimo ; Nocentini, Daniele ; Ober, Dietrich ; Olmstead, Richard G. ; Selvi, Federico ; Simpson, Michael G. ; Sutorý, Karel ; Valdés, Benito ; Walden, Genevieve K. ; Weigend, Maximilian. / Familial classification of the boraginales. In: Taxon. 2016 ; Vol. 65, No. 3. pp. 502-522.
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Luebert, F, Cecchi, L, Frohlich, MW, Gottschling, M, Guilliams, CM, Hasenstab-Lehman, KE, Hilger, HH, Miller, JS, Mittelbach, M, Nazaire, M, Nepi, M, Nocentini, D, Ober, D, Olmstead, RG, Selvi, F, Simpson, MG, Sutorý, K, Valdés, B, Walden, GK & Weigend, M 2016, 'Familial classification of the boraginales', Taxon, vol. 65, no. 3, pp. 502-522. https://doi.org/10.12705/653.5

Familial classification of the boraginales. / Luebert, Federico; Cecchi, Lorenzo; Frohlich, Michael W.; Gottschling, Marc; Guilliams, C. Matt; Hasenstab-Lehman, Kristen E.; Hilger, Hartmut H.; Miller, James S.; Mittelbach, Moritz; Nazaire, Mare; Nepi, Massimo; Nocentini, Daniele; Ober, Dietrich; Olmstead, Richard G.; Selvi, Federico; Simpson, Michael G.; Sutorý, Karel; Valdés, Benito; Walden, Genevieve K.; Weigend, Maximilian.

In: Taxon, Vol. 65, No. 3, 24.06.2016, p. 502-522.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Luebert, Federico

AU - Cecchi, Lorenzo

AU - Frohlich, Michael W.

AU - Gottschling, Marc

AU - Guilliams, C. Matt

AU - Hasenstab-Lehman, Kristen E.

AU - Hilger, Hartmut H.

AU - Miller, James S.

AU - Mittelbach, Moritz

AU - Nazaire, Mare

AU - Nepi, Massimo

AU - Nocentini, Daniele

AU - Ober, Dietrich

AU - Olmstead, Richard G.

AU - Selvi, Federico

AU - Simpson, Michael G.

AU - Sutorý, Karel

AU - Valdés, Benito

AU - Walden, Genevieve K.

AU - Weigend, Maximilian

PY - 2016/6/24

Y1 - 2016/6/24

N2 - The Boraginales are now universally accepted as monophyletic and firmly placed in Lamiidae. However, a consensus about familial classification has remained elusive, with some advocating recognition of a single, widely variable family, and others proposing recognition of several distinct families. A consensus classification is proposed here, based on recent molecular phylogenetic studies, morphological characters, and taking nomenclatural stability into consideration. We suggest the recognition of eleven, morphologically well-defined and clearly monophyletic families, namely the Boraginaceae s.str., Codonaceae, Coldeniaceae fam. nov., Cordiaceae, Ehretiaceae, Heliotropiaceae, Hoplestigmataceae, Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae, Namaceae, and Wellstediaceae. Descriptions, synonomy, a taxonomic key, and a list of genera for these eleven families are provided, including the new family Coldeniaceae (monogeneric) and Namaceae (segregated from Hydrophyllaceae and comprising Nama, Eriodictyon, Turricula, and Wigandia), the latter necessitating a revised circumscription of a more morphologically coherent Hydrophyllaceae.

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Luebert F, Cecchi L, Frohlich MW, Gottschling M, Guilliams CM, Hasenstab-Lehman KE et al. Familial classification of the boraginales. Taxon. 2016 Jun 24;65(3):502-522. https://doi.org/10.12705/653.5