Objective: To discuss the implications of a young age at diagnosis in a family member with hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome, the youngest published case to date, due to a mutation of the CDC73 gene (formerly known as HRPT2); to review this family with regard to modifications of guidelines for surveillance of hyperparathyroidism and other associated features in affected and at-risk relatives; and to discuss surgical recommendations in this syndrome.Methods: A review of English-language publications in PubMed and a review of GeneReviews were conducted pertaining to the subject of familial hyperparathyroidism. A case is described, and the family pedigree is discussed.Results: Review of the literature revealed that CDC73-related disorder has not previously been reported in patients younger than 10 years. This finding has been the basis for the recommendation for initiation of surveillance for disease manifestations at that age. Review of the family history of our current patient revealed a 7-year-old nephew with hypercalcemia attributable to primary hyperparathyroidism.Conclusion: Surveillance of hyperparathyroidism in affected persons and genetic testing of relatives at risk are currently recommended to start at 10 years of age. We recommend that these be conducted at a younger age, preferably 5 to 10 years before the earliest diagnosis of hyperparathyroidism within the family, and potentially at birth in families with a known mutation of the CDC73 gene, in light of the malignant potential of the disease.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism