Family interaction and the development of borderline personality disorder: A transactional model

Alan E. Fruzzetti, Chad Shenk, Perry D. Hoffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

149 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although no prospective epidemiological studies have evaluated the relationship between family interactions and the development of borderline personality disorder (BPD), there is considerable evidence for the central role of family interactions in the development of BPD. This paper describes the role of family interactions or processes, especially those that might be regarded as invalidating or conflictual, negative or critical, and the absence of more validating, positive, supportive, empathic interactions, in the development of BPD. Perhaps more importantly, the proposed model considers how these parental and family behaviors transact with the child's own behaviors and emotional vulnerabilities, resulting in a developmental model of BPD that is neither blaming of the family member with BPD nor of her or his parents and caregivers, and has important and specific implications for both prevention and intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1007-1030
Number of pages24
JournalDevelopment and Psychopathology
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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