Farm and county scale scenarios for sustainable agriculture in Western Iowa

Ed Van Ouwerkerk, Matt Liebman, Thomas Lehman Richard, Gary May, Isabel Gutierrez-Montes, Dave James

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

This paper deals with ecosystem, social, and economic impacts of changes in land-use, crop rotations, and farm management in two counties in western Iowa. In this region, expansion of farm size, increase in the average age of farmers, and reductions in labor availability have been continuous processes, caused by agro-economic and social factors over the last several decades. The landscape of the Loess rolls in western Iowa includes fields with hill slopes ranging from 0 to beyond 14%. Many of the soils are highly erodible. A two-year rotation of corn-soybeans is currently the most common cropping system, and results in considerable soil loss from bare soils in winter and spring. On many farms livestock production has dramatically decreased or disappeared entirely over the last 25 years. Our project focuses on re-integration of crop and livestock production. Our main goal is to investigate the ecological impacts of replacing chemical fertilizers by animal manure and of including perennial crops and pastures in the cropping system. The I-FARM simulation model is being used to estimate the ecological effects of various crop and livestock production systems at the farm scale. When using local land-use data and the simulation model, we are able to predict effects of alternative cropping systems and livestock production at the county scale on soil loss, nutrient balances, and associated labor requirement. The paper will show some results of simulations in terms of crop diversity patterns, livestock to be raised in a closed system at the county level, fertilizer replaced by manure, farm labor required, erosion and nutrient control, and economic consequences. We also present some social trends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages3901-3912
Number of pages12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004
EventASAE Annual International Meeting 2004 - Ottawa, ON, Canada
Duration: Aug 1 2004Aug 4 2004

Other

OtherASAE Annual International Meeting 2004
CountryCanada
CityOttawa, ON
Period8/1/048/4/04

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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  • Cite this

    Van Ouwerkerk, E., Liebman, M., Richard, T. L., May, G., Gutierrez-Montes, I., & James, D. (2004). Farm and county scale scenarios for sustainable agriculture in Western Iowa. 3901-3912. Paper presented at ASAE Annual International Meeting 2004, Ottawa, ON, Canada.