Farm-scale biomass pelletizer performance for switchgrass pellet production

R. Hilton, Daniel Edward Ciolkosz, D. Swomley, Hojae Yi, Virendra Puri, Gregory Wayne Roth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The impact of feedstock characteristics (moisture content, additive content) and operational parameters (die temperature, pelletizer speed) on pellet quality, plugging tendency, and pelletizer energy use was investigated for a small scale pelletizer, suitable for on-farm use (∼70 kg hr-1 rated output). Ground switchgrass (Panicium virgatum) was prepared in small (<1 kg) batches and run through a flat plate, rotating die pelletizer with 6 mm die holes and a die thickness of 25 mm. The resulting pellet quality and die flow (plugging tendency) were assessed using a subjective pellet quality scale. Results indicate that successful pelleting conditions were most consistently achieved by using a "premix" consisting of ground switchgrass and Distillers Dried Grains in a 3:7 ratio (mass basis) followed by the actual feedstock mixture. The highest quality pellets were obtained from switchgrass with a moisture content ranging from 11 to 17% (wet basis). Adding between 1% and 4% vegetable oil improved pellet quality slightly, while adding starch to the switchgrass feedstock did not yield noticeable improvements. Power consumption by the pelletizer averaged 0.22 kwh per kg for feedstock at 14% moisture and 1% oil, but dropped to 0.16 kwh per kg when the oil content was increased to 5%. Reducing the operating speed of the pelletizer resulted in improved quality of the pellets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013
PublisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Pages2938-2948
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9781627486651
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
EventAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013 - Kansas City, MO, United States
Duration: Jul 21 2013Jul 24 2013

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013
Volume4

Other

OtherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013
CountryUnited States
CityKansas City, MO
Period7/21/137/24/13

Fingerprint

Panicum virgatum
Farms
pellets
Biomass
Feedstocks
feedstocks
farms
biomass
Moisture
Oils
Ore pellets
Pelletizing
Plant Oils
Vegetable oils
water content
Starch
distillers grains
vegetable oil
Electric power utilization
lipid content

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Hilton, R., Ciolkosz, D. E., Swomley, D., Yi, H., Puri, V., & Roth, G. W. (2013). Farm-scale biomass pelletizer performance for switchgrass pellet production. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013 (pp. 2938-2948). (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013; Vol. 4). American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.
Hilton, R. ; Ciolkosz, Daniel Edward ; Swomley, D. ; Yi, Hojae ; Puri, Virendra ; Roth, Gregory Wayne. / Farm-scale biomass pelletizer performance for switchgrass pellet production. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2013. pp. 2938-2948 (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013).
@inproceedings{e0d6d5f153814755bedae231ae1d68a8,
title = "Farm-scale biomass pelletizer performance for switchgrass pellet production",
abstract = "The impact of feedstock characteristics (moisture content, additive content) and operational parameters (die temperature, pelletizer speed) on pellet quality, plugging tendency, and pelletizer energy use was investigated for a small scale pelletizer, suitable for on-farm use (∼70 kg hr-1 rated output). Ground switchgrass (Panicium virgatum) was prepared in small (<1 kg) batches and run through a flat plate, rotating die pelletizer with 6 mm die holes and a die thickness of 25 mm. The resulting pellet quality and die flow (plugging tendency) were assessed using a subjective pellet quality scale. Results indicate that successful pelleting conditions were most consistently achieved by using a {"}premix{"} consisting of ground switchgrass and Distillers Dried Grains in a 3:7 ratio (mass basis) followed by the actual feedstock mixture. The highest quality pellets were obtained from switchgrass with a moisture content ranging from 11 to 17{\%} (wet basis). Adding between 1{\%} and 4{\%} vegetable oil improved pellet quality slightly, while adding starch to the switchgrass feedstock did not yield noticeable improvements. Power consumption by the pelletizer averaged 0.22 kwh per kg for feedstock at 14{\%} moisture and 1{\%} oil, but dropped to 0.16 kwh per kg when the oil content was increased to 5{\%}. Reducing the operating speed of the pelletizer resulted in improved quality of the pellets.",
author = "R. Hilton and Ciolkosz, {Daniel Edward} and D. Swomley and Hojae Yi and Virendra Puri and Roth, {Gregory Wayne}",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781627486651",
series = "American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013",
publisher = "American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers",
pages = "2938--2948",
booktitle = "American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013",
address = "United States",

}

Hilton, R, Ciolkosz, DE, Swomley, D, Yi, H, Puri, V & Roth, GW 2013, Farm-scale biomass pelletizer performance for switchgrass pellet production. in American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013, vol. 4, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, pp. 2938-2948, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, Kansas City, MO, United States, 7/21/13.

Farm-scale biomass pelletizer performance for switchgrass pellet production. / Hilton, R.; Ciolkosz, Daniel Edward; Swomley, D.; Yi, Hojae; Puri, Virendra; Roth, Gregory Wayne.

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2013. p. 2938-2948 (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013; Vol. 4).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Farm-scale biomass pelletizer performance for switchgrass pellet production

AU - Hilton, R.

AU - Ciolkosz, Daniel Edward

AU - Swomley, D.

AU - Yi, Hojae

AU - Puri, Virendra

AU - Roth, Gregory Wayne

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - The impact of feedstock characteristics (moisture content, additive content) and operational parameters (die temperature, pelletizer speed) on pellet quality, plugging tendency, and pelletizer energy use was investigated for a small scale pelletizer, suitable for on-farm use (∼70 kg hr-1 rated output). Ground switchgrass (Panicium virgatum) was prepared in small (<1 kg) batches and run through a flat plate, rotating die pelletizer with 6 mm die holes and a die thickness of 25 mm. The resulting pellet quality and die flow (plugging tendency) were assessed using a subjective pellet quality scale. Results indicate that successful pelleting conditions were most consistently achieved by using a "premix" consisting of ground switchgrass and Distillers Dried Grains in a 3:7 ratio (mass basis) followed by the actual feedstock mixture. The highest quality pellets were obtained from switchgrass with a moisture content ranging from 11 to 17% (wet basis). Adding between 1% and 4% vegetable oil improved pellet quality slightly, while adding starch to the switchgrass feedstock did not yield noticeable improvements. Power consumption by the pelletizer averaged 0.22 kwh per kg for feedstock at 14% moisture and 1% oil, but dropped to 0.16 kwh per kg when the oil content was increased to 5%. Reducing the operating speed of the pelletizer resulted in improved quality of the pellets.

AB - The impact of feedstock characteristics (moisture content, additive content) and operational parameters (die temperature, pelletizer speed) on pellet quality, plugging tendency, and pelletizer energy use was investigated for a small scale pelletizer, suitable for on-farm use (∼70 kg hr-1 rated output). Ground switchgrass (Panicium virgatum) was prepared in small (<1 kg) batches and run through a flat plate, rotating die pelletizer with 6 mm die holes and a die thickness of 25 mm. The resulting pellet quality and die flow (plugging tendency) were assessed using a subjective pellet quality scale. Results indicate that successful pelleting conditions were most consistently achieved by using a "premix" consisting of ground switchgrass and Distillers Dried Grains in a 3:7 ratio (mass basis) followed by the actual feedstock mixture. The highest quality pellets were obtained from switchgrass with a moisture content ranging from 11 to 17% (wet basis). Adding between 1% and 4% vegetable oil improved pellet quality slightly, while adding starch to the switchgrass feedstock did not yield noticeable improvements. Power consumption by the pelletizer averaged 0.22 kwh per kg for feedstock at 14% moisture and 1% oil, but dropped to 0.16 kwh per kg when the oil content was increased to 5%. Reducing the operating speed of the pelletizer resulted in improved quality of the pellets.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84881646092&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84881646092&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84881646092

SN - 9781627486651

T3 - American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013

SP - 2938

EP - 2948

BT - American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013

PB - American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers

ER -

Hilton R, Ciolkosz DE, Swomley D, Yi H, Puri V, Roth GW. Farm-scale biomass pelletizer performance for switchgrass pellet production. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. 2013. p. 2938-2948. (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013).