Fast 180° magnetization switching in a strain-mediated multiferroic heterostructure driven by a voltage

Ren Ci Peng, Jia Mian Hu, Kasra Momeni, Jian Jun Wang, Long Qing Chen, Ce Wen Nan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Voltage-driven 180° magnetization switching provides a low-power alternative to current-driven magnetization switching widely used in spintronic devices. Here we computationally demonstrate a promising route to achieve voltage-driven in-plane 180° magnetization switching in a strain-mediated multiferroic heterostructure (e.g., a heterostructure consisting of an amorphous, slightly elliptical Co 40 Fe 40 B 20 nanomagnet on top of a Pb(Zr,Ti)O 3 film as an example). This 180° switching follows a unique precessional path all in the film plane, and is enabled by manipulating magnetization dynamics with fast, local piezostrains (rise/release time <0.1 ns) on the Pb(Zr,Ti)O 3 film surface. Our analyses predict ultralow area energy consumption per switching (∼0.03 J/m 2), approximately three orders of magnitude smaller than that dissipated by current-driven magnetization switching. A fast overall switching time of about 2.3 ns is also demonstrated. Further reduction of energy consumption and switching time can be achieved by optimizing the structure and material selection. The present design provides an additional viable route to realizing low-power and high-speed spintronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number27561
JournalScientific reports
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 8 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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