Fault detection and isolation in aircraft gas turbine engines. Part 1: Underlying concept

S. Gupta, A. Ray, S. Sarkar, M. Yasar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Degradation monitoring is of paramount importance to safety and reliability of aircraft operations and also for timely maintenance of its critical components. This two-part paper formulates and validates a novel methodology of degradation monitoring of aircraft gas turbine engines with emphasis on detection and isolation of incipient faults. In a complex system with multiple interconnected components (e.g. an aircraft engine), fault isolation becomes a crucial task because of possible input-output and feedback interactions among the individual components. This paper, which is the first of two parts, presents the underlying concepts of fault detection and isolation (FDI) in complex dynamical systems. The FDI algorithms are formulated in the setting of symbolic dynamic filtering (SDF) that has been recently reported in literature. The underlying concept of SDF is built upon the principles of symbolic dynamics, statistical pattern recognition, and information theory. In addition to abrupt large faults, the SDF-based algorithms are capable of detecting slowly evolving anomalies (i.e. deviations from the nominal behaviour) based on analysis of time series data of critical process variables of different engine components. The second part, which is a companion paper, validates the concept, laid out in the first part, on the simulation test bed of a generic two-spool turbofan aircraft engine model for detection and isolation of incipient faults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-318
Number of pages12
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering
Volume222
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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