### Abstract

Two events dominated the January 1994, Wyomissing, PA earthquake sequence, an M_{w} 4.0 foreshock, followed by an M_{w} 4.6 mainshock. We modeled regional waveforms to estimate the event depth and the moment tensors for the two largest events in the sequence, and examine teleseismic wave-forms recorded on the ARCESS short-period seismic array to estimate the depth and source time function of the mainshock. Our data constrain the depth of the events to be shallower than 5 km, and prefer a depth of 3-5 km. For an assumed depth of 3 km, the mainshock moment tensor is 75% double couple, with (the major double couple) planes striking at 135°N, 347°N, dips of 49°, 46°, and rakes of 68°, 114°. The estimated moment is 8.9 × 10^{22} dyne-cm. The P axis strikes 241°N and plunges 2°, the Tension axis strikes 336°N and plunges 73°. The foreshock inversion results are virtually identical to the mainshock results; for a source depth of three km, we find a major double couple with a strike, dip, and rake of 121°N, 60°, and 66°, respectively. The seismic moment for the foreshock is 1.2 × 10^{22} dyne-cm, which is approximately 13% of the mainshock moment release. These events did not excite high-frequency Lg waves as effectively as typical eastern North American events, and the mainshock had a stress drop in the range of 25-50 bars.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 261-269 |

Number of pages | 9 |

Journal | Seismological Research Letters |

Volume | 69 |

Issue number | 3 |

State | Published - May 1998 |

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### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

### Cite this

*Seismological Research Letters*,

*69*(3), 261-269.

}

*Seismological Research Letters*, vol. 69, no. 3, pp. 261-269.

**Faulting Parameters of the January 16, 1994 Wyomissing Hills, Pennsylvania Earthquakes.** / Ammon, Charles James; Herrmann, Robert B.; Langston, Charles A.; Benz, Harley.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Faulting Parameters of the January 16, 1994 Wyomissing Hills, Pennsylvania Earthquakes

AU - Ammon, Charles James

AU - Herrmann, Robert B.

AU - Langston, Charles A.

AU - Benz, Harley

PY - 1998/5

Y1 - 1998/5

N2 - Two events dominated the January 1994, Wyomissing, PA earthquake sequence, an Mw 4.0 foreshock, followed by an Mw 4.6 mainshock. We modeled regional waveforms to estimate the event depth and the moment tensors for the two largest events in the sequence, and examine teleseismic wave-forms recorded on the ARCESS short-period seismic array to estimate the depth and source time function of the mainshock. Our data constrain the depth of the events to be shallower than 5 km, and prefer a depth of 3-5 km. For an assumed depth of 3 km, the mainshock moment tensor is 75% double couple, with (the major double couple) planes striking at 135°N, 347°N, dips of 49°, 46°, and rakes of 68°, 114°. The estimated moment is 8.9 × 1022 dyne-cm. The P axis strikes 241°N and plunges 2°, the Tension axis strikes 336°N and plunges 73°. The foreshock inversion results are virtually identical to the mainshock results; for a source depth of three km, we find a major double couple with a strike, dip, and rake of 121°N, 60°, and 66°, respectively. The seismic moment for the foreshock is 1.2 × 1022 dyne-cm, which is approximately 13% of the mainshock moment release. These events did not excite high-frequency Lg waves as effectively as typical eastern North American events, and the mainshock had a stress drop in the range of 25-50 bars.

AB - Two events dominated the January 1994, Wyomissing, PA earthquake sequence, an Mw 4.0 foreshock, followed by an Mw 4.6 mainshock. We modeled regional waveforms to estimate the event depth and the moment tensors for the two largest events in the sequence, and examine teleseismic wave-forms recorded on the ARCESS short-period seismic array to estimate the depth and source time function of the mainshock. Our data constrain the depth of the events to be shallower than 5 km, and prefer a depth of 3-5 km. For an assumed depth of 3 km, the mainshock moment tensor is 75% double couple, with (the major double couple) planes striking at 135°N, 347°N, dips of 49°, 46°, and rakes of 68°, 114°. The estimated moment is 8.9 × 1022 dyne-cm. The P axis strikes 241°N and plunges 2°, the Tension axis strikes 336°N and plunges 73°. The foreshock inversion results are virtually identical to the mainshock results; for a source depth of three km, we find a major double couple with a strike, dip, and rake of 121°N, 60°, and 66°, respectively. The seismic moment for the foreshock is 1.2 × 1022 dyne-cm, which is approximately 13% of the mainshock moment release. These events did not excite high-frequency Lg waves as effectively as typical eastern North American events, and the mainshock had a stress drop in the range of 25-50 bars.

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M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0031666001

VL - 69

SP - 261

EP - 269

JO - Earthquake Notes - Seismological Society of America, Eastern Section,

JF - Earthquake Notes - Seismological Society of America, Eastern Section,

SN - 0895-0695

IS - 3

ER -