Faulting parameters of the September 25, 1998 Pymatuning, Pennsylvania earthquake

Monica Maceira, Charles James Ammon, Robert B. Herrmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

On 25 September 1998 a moderate-size m bLg5.2 earthquake occurred in northwestern Pennsylvania, near the Ohio border. Early source analyses suggested an unusual, non-double-couple component to the faulting mechanism, but subsequent checks of the near-real-time solutions suggested the non-double-couple component may have been an artifact. We investigate the size of the non-double-couple faulting component, improve mechanism and depth estimates for the Pymatuning event, and explore the reason(s) why early estimates contained large non-double-couple source components. We conclude that the non-double-couple component, while possible, is unnecessary and can be interpreted as a consequence of small amplitude features in near-nodal Rayleigh waves. We show that the Pymatuning earthquake can be explained with a pure double-couple faulting mechanism, corresponding to a near-vertical, mostly strike-slip fault with planes striking 110° and 13°, with dips of 70° and 71° and rakes of 20° and 159°. The estimated moment is 5.6 × 10 22 dyne-cm (M w = 4.5). Regional waveforms constrain the depth of the event to be shallower than 7.5 km, and a short period teleseismic P waveform from northwest Russia suggests a shallower 2-4 km source. The roughly east-west- or north-south-striking vertical strike-slip mechanism agrees well with existing estimates of the stress field and is similar to the 1986 eastern Ohio earthquake mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)742-752
Number of pages11
JournalSeismological Research Letters
Volume71
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2000

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faulting
earthquakes
earthquake
earthquake mechanism
Rayleigh wave
strike-slip fault
stress field
artifact
dip
waveforms
slip
estimates
rakes
Rayleigh waves
Russian Federation
borders
stress distribution
parameter
artifacts
moments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics

Cite this

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abstract = "On 25 September 1998 a moderate-size m bLg5.2 earthquake occurred in northwestern Pennsylvania, near the Ohio border. Early source analyses suggested an unusual, non-double-couple component to the faulting mechanism, but subsequent checks of the near-real-time solutions suggested the non-double-couple component may have been an artifact. We investigate the size of the non-double-couple faulting component, improve mechanism and depth estimates for the Pymatuning event, and explore the reason(s) why early estimates contained large non-double-couple source components. We conclude that the non-double-couple component, while possible, is unnecessary and can be interpreted as a consequence of small amplitude features in near-nodal Rayleigh waves. We show that the Pymatuning earthquake can be explained with a pure double-couple faulting mechanism, corresponding to a near-vertical, mostly strike-slip fault with planes striking 110° and 13°, with dips of 70° and 71° and rakes of 20° and 159°. The estimated moment is 5.6 × 10 22 dyne-cm (M w = 4.5). Regional waveforms constrain the depth of the event to be shallower than 7.5 km, and a short period teleseismic P waveform from northwest Russia suggests a shallower 2-4 km source. The roughly east-west- or north-south-striking vertical strike-slip mechanism agrees well with existing estimates of the stress field and is similar to the 1986 eastern Ohio earthquake mechanism.",
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Faulting parameters of the September 25, 1998 Pymatuning, Pennsylvania earthquake. / Maceira, Monica; Ammon, Charles James; Herrmann, Robert B.

In: Seismological Research Letters, Vol. 71, No. 6, 01.11.2000, p. 742-752.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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