Objective: Integration of behavioural risk assessment into well-child visits is recommended by clinical guidelines, but its feasibility and impact is unknown. Methods: A quasi-experimental study evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of risk assessment on body mass index (BMI) at 1-year follow-up. Children with assessments (intervention) were compared with those who did not complete assessments (non-respondent) and those who received standard care (non-exposed). Results: Analyses included 10,647 children aged 2–9 years (2,724 intervention, 3,324 non-respondent and 4,599 non-exposed). Forty-five per cent of parents completed the assessments. Intervention and non-respondent groups differed in change in BMI z-score at 1 year by −0.05 (confidence interval [CI]: −0.08, −0.02; P = 0.0013); no difference was observed with non-exposed children. The intervention group had a smaller increase in BMI z-score (0.07 ± 0.63) than non-respondent group (0.13 ± 0.63). For children with normal weight at baseline, intervention versus non-respondent groups differed in BMI z-score change by −0.06 (CI: −0.10, −0.02; P = 0.0025). However, children with overweight at baseline in the intervention versus the non-exposed group differed in BMI z-score change (0.07 [CI: 0.02, 0.14]; P = 0.016). When analysed by age, results were similar for 2- to 5-year-olds, but no differences were found for 6- to 9-year-olds. Conclusion: Automating risk assessment in paediatric care is feasible and effective in promoting healthy weight among preschool but not older children.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics