Feature selection in AVHRR ocean satellite images by means of filter methods

Jose A. Piedra-Fernández, Manuel Cantón-Garbín, James Z. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Automatic retrieval and interpretation of satellite images is critical for managing the enormous volume of environmental remote sensing data available today. It is particularly useful in oceanography and climate studies for examination of the spatio-temporal evolution of mesoscalar ocean structures appearing in the satellite images taken by visible, infrared, and radar sensors. This is because they change so quickly and several images of the same place can be acquired at different times within the same day. This paper describes the use of filter measures and the Bayesian networks to reduce the number of irrelevant features necessary for ocean structure recognition in satellite images, thereby improving the overall interpretation system performance and reducing the computational time. We present our results for the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration satellite Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) images. We have automatically detected and located mesoscale ocean phenomena of interest in our study area (NorthEast Atlantic and the Mediterranean), such as upwellings, eddies, and island wakes, using an automatic selection methodology which reduces the features used for description by about 80%. Finally, Bayesian network classifiers are used to assess classification quality. Knowledge about these structures is represented with numeric and nonnumeric features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number5508399
Pages (from-to)4193-4203
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Volume48
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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