Federal deposit insurance coverage and bank failures: A cointegration analysis with semi-annual data, 1965-91

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This study examines empirically the link between bank failures and statutorially created increases in the extent of federal deposit insurance coverage. The model includes such factors as the percentage of deposits at federally insured banks that was covered by federal deposit insurance (FDICOV), the tangible capital/asset ratio, the commercial bank cost of funds, and the prime rate of interest. Using cointegration techniques involving maximum eigenvalue, trace, and likelihood ratio tests, together with semi-annual data for 1965-91. the study reveals that the bank failure rate is cointegrated with FDICOV, the capital/asset ratio. and the commercial bank cost of funds. Accordingly, it is inferred that-consistent with previous studies-the system of federal deposit insurance very likely induced bank failures during the study period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-9
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Economics and Finance
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1997


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics

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