Fermilab neutron therapy facility neutron spectrum determination by threshold foils

Zhonglu Wang, Nolan E. Hertel, Eric Burgett, Arlene Lennox

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The Fermilab Neutron Therapy Facility produces neutrons by bombarding a 2.21-cm-thick beryllium target with 66-MeV protons. The neutron beam is collimated to produce a desired field size and is monitored using dual parallel-plate ionization chambers. The neutron spectrum of this beam was determined by unfolding bare and moderated foil activation data and an MCNPX calculation of the spectrum was also performed. Aluminium and copper activation foils were selected for the neutron fluence measurement. The activation products in the foils were measured for various levels of moderation using polymethylmethachrylate (PMMA) slabs. Five reactions were considered in the experiment: 27Al(n,?)28Al, 27Al(n,p)27Mg, 27Al (n,a)24Na, 65Cu(n,?)66Cu and 63Cu(n,2n)62Cu. The activities of these end products after the irradiation period were used to compute their production rates during irradiation. Responses as a function of neutron energy were generated for the production of 28Al, 27Mg, 24Na, 66Cu and 62Cu using MCNPX and the LA150N library. The resulting response matrix was binned into 49 energy groups from 10-10 MeV to 70 MeV and includes responses both for bare foils and moderated foils. The PTB code MXD-FC33 code was used to unfold the activation data. The resulting spectrum is compared to both the MCNPX-computed spectrum as well as a previous measurement by Cupps and Elwyn.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalProceedings of Science
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
Event2006 International Workshop on Fast Neutron Detectors and Applications, FNDA 2006 - Cape Town, South Africa
Duration: Apr 3 2006Apr 6 2006

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neutron spectra
foils
therapy
neutrons
thresholds
activation
irradiation
neutron beams
ionization chambers
products
beryllium
parallel plates
fluence
slabs
aluminum
copper
protons
energy
matrices

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

Cite this

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title = "Fermilab neutron therapy facility neutron spectrum determination by threshold foils",
abstract = "The Fermilab Neutron Therapy Facility produces neutrons by bombarding a 2.21-cm-thick beryllium target with 66-MeV protons. The neutron beam is collimated to produce a desired field size and is monitored using dual parallel-plate ionization chambers. The neutron spectrum of this beam was determined by unfolding bare and moderated foil activation data and an MCNPX calculation of the spectrum was also performed. Aluminium and copper activation foils were selected for the neutron fluence measurement. The activation products in the foils were measured for various levels of moderation using polymethylmethachrylate (PMMA) slabs. Five reactions were considered in the experiment: 27Al(n,?)28Al, 27Al(n,p)27Mg, 27Al (n,a)24Na, 65Cu(n,?)66Cu and 63Cu(n,2n)62Cu. The activities of these end products after the irradiation period were used to compute their production rates during irradiation. Responses as a function of neutron energy were generated for the production of 28Al, 27Mg, 24Na, 66Cu and 62Cu using MCNPX and the LA150N library. The resulting response matrix was binned into 49 energy groups from 10-10 MeV to 70 MeV and includes responses both for bare foils and moderated foils. The PTB code MXD-FC33 code was used to unfold the activation data. The resulting spectrum is compared to both the MCNPX-computed spectrum as well as a previous measurement by Cupps and Elwyn.",
author = "Zhonglu Wang and Hertel, {Nolan E.} and Eric Burgett and Arlene Lennox",
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Fermilab neutron therapy facility neutron spectrum determination by threshold foils. / Wang, Zhonglu; Hertel, Nolan E.; Burgett, Eric; Lennox, Arlene.

In: Proceedings of Science, 01.01.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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T1 - Fermilab neutron therapy facility neutron spectrum determination by threshold foils

AU - Wang, Zhonglu

AU - Hertel, Nolan E.

AU - Burgett, Eric

AU - Lennox, Arlene

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Y1 - 2006/1/1

N2 - The Fermilab Neutron Therapy Facility produces neutrons by bombarding a 2.21-cm-thick beryllium target with 66-MeV protons. The neutron beam is collimated to produce a desired field size and is monitored using dual parallel-plate ionization chambers. The neutron spectrum of this beam was determined by unfolding bare and moderated foil activation data and an MCNPX calculation of the spectrum was also performed. Aluminium and copper activation foils were selected for the neutron fluence measurement. The activation products in the foils were measured for various levels of moderation using polymethylmethachrylate (PMMA) slabs. Five reactions were considered in the experiment: 27Al(n,?)28Al, 27Al(n,p)27Mg, 27Al (n,a)24Na, 65Cu(n,?)66Cu and 63Cu(n,2n)62Cu. The activities of these end products after the irradiation period were used to compute their production rates during irradiation. Responses as a function of neutron energy were generated for the production of 28Al, 27Mg, 24Na, 66Cu and 62Cu using MCNPX and the LA150N library. The resulting response matrix was binned into 49 energy groups from 10-10 MeV to 70 MeV and includes responses both for bare foils and moderated foils. The PTB code MXD-FC33 code was used to unfold the activation data. The resulting spectrum is compared to both the MCNPX-computed spectrum as well as a previous measurement by Cupps and Elwyn.

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