This letter reports the ferroelectric and electromechanical properties of a class of ferroelectric polymer, poly(vinylidene-fluoride-trifluoroethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene) terpolymer, which exhibits a slim polarization hysteresis loop and a high electrostrictive strain at room temperature. The dielectric and polarization behaviors of this terpolymer are typical of the ferroelectric relaxor. The x-ray and Fourier transform infrared results reveal that the random incorporation of bulky chlorotrifluoroethylene (CTFE) ter-monomers into polymer chains causes disordering of the ferroelectric phase. Furthermore, CTFE also acts as random defect fields which randomize the inter-and intrachain polar coupling, resulting in the observed ferroelectric relaxor behavior.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)