This paper discusses a new ferroelectric polymer with large electrostrictive response (-4%) at ambient temperature, which is based on a processable semicrystalline terpolymer comprising vinylidene difluoride (VDF), trifluoroethylene (TrFE), and chlorotrifluoroethylene (CTFE). This VDF/TrFE/CTFE terpolymer was prepared by a combination of bulk polymerization process and a borane/oxygen initiator at ambient temperature. The incorporated bulky CTFE units in the terpolymer seem to reduce the crystalline domain size and move the ferroelectric-paraelectric (FP) phase transition to near ambient temperature with a very small energy barrier. Some terpolymers exhibited common ferroelectric relaxor behaviors with a broad dielectric peak that shifted toward higher temperatures as the frequency increased, and a slim polarization hysteresis loop at near the dielectric peak (around ambient temperature) that gradually evolved into a normal ferroelectric polarization hysteresis loop with reduced temperature.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Ferroelectrics, Letters Section|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics