Ferromagnetism and infrared electrodynamics of Ga1-xMn xAs

B. C. Chapler, S. Mack, R. C. Myers, A. Frenzel, B. C. Pursley, K. S. Burch, A. M. Dattelbaum, Nitin Samarth, D. D. Awschalom, D. N. Basov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the magnetic and the electronic properties of the prototype dilute magnetic semiconductor Ga1-xMnxAs using infrared (IR) spectroscopy. Trends in the ferromagnetic transition temperature T C with respect to the IR spectral weight are examined using a sum-rule analysis of IR conductivity spectra. We find nonmonotonic behavior of trends in TC with the spectral weight to effective Mn ratio, which suggest a strong double-exchange component to the FM mechanism, and highlights the important role of impurity states and localization at the Fermi level. Spectroscopic features of the IR conductivity are tracked as they evolve with temperature, doping, annealing, As-antisite compensation, and are found only to be consistent with a Mn-induced IB scenario. Furthermore, our detailed exploration of these spectral features demonstrates that seemingly conflicting trends reported in the literature regarding a broad mid-IR resonance with respect to carrier density in Ga1-xMnxAs are in fact not contradictory. Our study thus provides a consistent experimental picture of the magnetic and electronic properties of Ga1-xMnxAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number205314
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume87
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - May 29 2013

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Ferromagnetism
Electrodynamics
electrodynamics
ferromagnetism
Infrared radiation
trends
Electronic properties
conductivity
electronics
Magnetic semiconductors
frequency modulation
sum rules
Fermi level
transition temperature
infrared spectroscopy
prototypes
Superconducting transition temperature
magnetic properties
Carrier concentration
Infrared spectroscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Chapler, B. C., Mack, S., Myers, R. C., Frenzel, A., Pursley, B. C., Burch, K. S., ... Basov, D. N. (2013). Ferromagnetism and infrared electrodynamics of Ga1-xMn xAs. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 87(20), [205314]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.87.205314
Chapler, B. C. ; Mack, S. ; Myers, R. C. ; Frenzel, A. ; Pursley, B. C. ; Burch, K. S. ; Dattelbaum, A. M. ; Samarth, Nitin ; Awschalom, D. D. ; Basov, D. N. / Ferromagnetism and infrared electrodynamics of Ga1-xMn xAs. In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. 2013 ; Vol. 87, No. 20.
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Chapler, BC, Mack, S, Myers, RC, Frenzel, A, Pursley, BC, Burch, KS, Dattelbaum, AM, Samarth, N, Awschalom, DD & Basov, DN 2013, 'Ferromagnetism and infrared electrodynamics of Ga1-xMn xAs', Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol. 87, no. 20, 205314. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.87.205314

Ferromagnetism and infrared electrodynamics of Ga1-xMn xAs. / Chapler, B. C.; Mack, S.; Myers, R. C.; Frenzel, A.; Pursley, B. C.; Burch, K. S.; Dattelbaum, A. M.; Samarth, Nitin; Awschalom, D. D.; Basov, D. N.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 87, No. 20, 205314, 29.05.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Chapler, B. C.

AU - Mack, S.

AU - Myers, R. C.

AU - Frenzel, A.

AU - Pursley, B. C.

AU - Burch, K. S.

AU - Dattelbaum, A. M.

AU - Samarth, Nitin

AU - Awschalom, D. D.

AU - Basov, D. N.

PY - 2013/5/29

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N2 - We report on the magnetic and the electronic properties of the prototype dilute magnetic semiconductor Ga1-xMnxAs using infrared (IR) spectroscopy. Trends in the ferromagnetic transition temperature T C with respect to the IR spectral weight are examined using a sum-rule analysis of IR conductivity spectra. We find nonmonotonic behavior of trends in TC with the spectral weight to effective Mn ratio, which suggest a strong double-exchange component to the FM mechanism, and highlights the important role of impurity states and localization at the Fermi level. Spectroscopic features of the IR conductivity are tracked as they evolve with temperature, doping, annealing, As-antisite compensation, and are found only to be consistent with a Mn-induced IB scenario. Furthermore, our detailed exploration of these spectral features demonstrates that seemingly conflicting trends reported in the literature regarding a broad mid-IR resonance with respect to carrier density in Ga1-xMnxAs are in fact not contradictory. Our study thus provides a consistent experimental picture of the magnetic and electronic properties of Ga1-xMnxAs.

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