Restoration of pollen fertility to cytoplasmic male-sterile common bean by nuclear gene Fr is accompanied by mitochondrial (mt) DNA rearrangements within restored plants. These rearrangements are also observed upon spontaneous cytoplasmic reversion to fertility. An mtDNA fragment of at least 25 kilobases was lost from the genome upon restoration or reversion. This fragment contained DNA segments that were not repeated elsewhere in the genome and, therefore, were not detected within the genome upon fertility restoration. This result suggested that the particular mtDNA configuration absent from restored plants could not be maintained by a constant process of recombination but rather by autonomous replication. No evidence of excision of this region from the mt genome, in the form of a junction fragment associating flanking DNA regions, was detected in fertile restored plants. DNA gel blot hybridization of this mtDNA region, compared with hybridization to related regions of the mitochondrial genome that shared sequence homology, indicated that the mtDNA region associated with sterility was present in lower copy number. These observations, as well as the occurrence of similar or identical rearrangements upon spontaneous cytoplasmic reversion, indicate that the restoration of pollen fertility may be accompanied by loss of an independently replicating subgenomic DNA molecule from the mitochondrial genome.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Sep 1 1990|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Cell Biology