Sodium-ion battery (SIB) is an ideal device that could replace lithium-ion battery (LIB) in grid-scale energy storage system for power because of the low cost and rich reserve of raw material. The key challenge lies in developing electrode materials enabling reversible Na+ insertion/desertion and fast reaction kinetics. Herein, a core-shell structure, FeS2 nanoparticles encapsulated in biphase TiO2 shell (FeS2@TiO2), is developed towards the improvement of sodium storage. The diphase TiO2 coating supplies abundant anatase/rutile interface and oxygen vacancies which will enhance the charge transfer, and avoid severe volume variation of FeS2 caused by the Na+ insertion. The FeS2 core will deliver high theoretical capacity through its conversion reaction mechanism. Consequently, the FeS2@TiO2 nanorods display notable performance as anode for SIBs including long-term cycling performance (637.8 mA·h·g−1 at 0.2 A·g−1 after 300 cycles, 374.9 mA·h·g−1 at 5.0 A·g−1 after 600 cycles) and outstanding rate capability (222.2 mA·h·g−1 at 10 A·g−1). Furthermore, the synthesized FeS2@TiO2 demonstrates significant pseudocapacitive behavior which accounts for 90.7% of the Na+ storage, and efficiently boosts the rate capability. This work provides a new pathway to fabricate anode material with an optimized structure and crystal phase for SIBs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Chemical Engineering(all)