Field assisted sintering of nanoporous boron carbide with hierarchical microstructure

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Due to its unique combination of properties including high hardness, low density, high strength, thermal stability and high neutron absorption, boron carbide is a potential candidate for various aerospace, nuclear and other applications involving extreme environment. However, the current applications of boron carbide are largely limited due to its intrinsic brittleness as a result of strong covalent bonding. While the most common toughening strategy for boron carbide is crack deflection and micro-crack toughening by introduction of secondary phases such as titanium diboride, a novel toughening strategy by creating nanocrystalline boron carbide and introducing nanoporosity has been demonstrated to increase boron carbide’s ability to deform by grain boundary sliding accommodated by nanopore compression in a quasi-ductile manner, potentially leading to enhancement in fracture toughness. In this study, scalable manufacturing of boron carbide and its composites with hierarchical microstructure features, such as micro-grains, secondary reinforcement as well as nano-grains and nanoporosity, is attempted using field assisted sintering technology (FAST) to yield repeatable and tunable microstructures. Compared to traditional sintering methods such as hot-pressing, FAST exhibits multiple benefits including shorter sintering time, lower sintering temperature and a more uniform heating process which can yield finer grains and better control over the microstructure of sintered samples. Using FAST, multiple samples with different grain size distribution and material compositions were successfully sintered to high density. Subsequent mechanical testing and microstructure inspection were carried out, providing information regarding the effects of different hierarchical microstructures on properties including elastic modulus, hardness and fracture toughness of FAST sintered boron carbide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2019 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105784
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
EventAIAA Scitech Forum, 2019 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Jan 7 2019Jan 11 2019

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2019 Forum

Conference

ConferenceAIAA Scitech Forum, 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period1/7/191/11/19

Fingerprint

Boron carbide
Spark plasma sintering
Microstructure
Toughening
Sintering
Fracture toughness
Neutron absorption
Hardness
Sintered carbides
Cracks
Grain boundary sliding
Nanopores
Industrial heating
Mechanical testing
Hot pressing
Brittleness
Reinforcement
Compaction
Thermodynamic stability
Titanium

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Dai, J., Singh, J., & Yamamoto, N. (2019). Field assisted sintering of nanoporous boron carbide with hierarchical microstructure. In AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum). American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-1694
Dai, Jingyao ; Singh, Jogender ; Yamamoto, Namiko. / Field assisted sintering of nanoporous boron carbide with hierarchical microstructure. AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 2019. (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum).
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abstract = "Due to its unique combination of properties including high hardness, low density, high strength, thermal stability and high neutron absorption, boron carbide is a potential candidate for various aerospace, nuclear and other applications involving extreme environment. However, the current applications of boron carbide are largely limited due to its intrinsic brittleness as a result of strong covalent bonding. While the most common toughening strategy for boron carbide is crack deflection and micro-crack toughening by introduction of secondary phases such as titanium diboride, a novel toughening strategy by creating nanocrystalline boron carbide and introducing nanoporosity has been demonstrated to increase boron carbide’s ability to deform by grain boundary sliding accommodated by nanopore compression in a quasi-ductile manner, potentially leading to enhancement in fracture toughness. In this study, scalable manufacturing of boron carbide and its composites with hierarchical microstructure features, such as micro-grains, secondary reinforcement as well as nano-grains and nanoporosity, is attempted using field assisted sintering technology (FAST) to yield repeatable and tunable microstructures. Compared to traditional sintering methods such as hot-pressing, FAST exhibits multiple benefits including shorter sintering time, lower sintering temperature and a more uniform heating process which can yield finer grains and better control over the microstructure of sintered samples. Using FAST, multiple samples with different grain size distribution and material compositions were successfully sintered to high density. Subsequent mechanical testing and microstructure inspection were carried out, providing information regarding the effects of different hierarchical microstructures on properties including elastic modulus, hardness and fracture toughness of FAST sintered boron carbide.",
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Dai, J, Singh, J & Yamamoto, N 2019, Field assisted sintering of nanoporous boron carbide with hierarchical microstructure. in AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, AIAA Scitech Forum, 2019, San Diego, United States, 1/7/19. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-1694

Field assisted sintering of nanoporous boron carbide with hierarchical microstructure. / Dai, Jingyao; Singh, Jogender; Yamamoto, Namiko.

AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA, 2019. (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - Due to its unique combination of properties including high hardness, low density, high strength, thermal stability and high neutron absorption, boron carbide is a potential candidate for various aerospace, nuclear and other applications involving extreme environment. However, the current applications of boron carbide are largely limited due to its intrinsic brittleness as a result of strong covalent bonding. While the most common toughening strategy for boron carbide is crack deflection and micro-crack toughening by introduction of secondary phases such as titanium diboride, a novel toughening strategy by creating nanocrystalline boron carbide and introducing nanoporosity has been demonstrated to increase boron carbide’s ability to deform by grain boundary sliding accommodated by nanopore compression in a quasi-ductile manner, potentially leading to enhancement in fracture toughness. In this study, scalable manufacturing of boron carbide and its composites with hierarchical microstructure features, such as micro-grains, secondary reinforcement as well as nano-grains and nanoporosity, is attempted using field assisted sintering technology (FAST) to yield repeatable and tunable microstructures. Compared to traditional sintering methods such as hot-pressing, FAST exhibits multiple benefits including shorter sintering time, lower sintering temperature and a more uniform heating process which can yield finer grains and better control over the microstructure of sintered samples. Using FAST, multiple samples with different grain size distribution and material compositions were successfully sintered to high density. Subsequent mechanical testing and microstructure inspection were carried out, providing information regarding the effects of different hierarchical microstructures on properties including elastic modulus, hardness and fracture toughness of FAST sintered boron carbide.

AB - Due to its unique combination of properties including high hardness, low density, high strength, thermal stability and high neutron absorption, boron carbide is a potential candidate for various aerospace, nuclear and other applications involving extreme environment. However, the current applications of boron carbide are largely limited due to its intrinsic brittleness as a result of strong covalent bonding. While the most common toughening strategy for boron carbide is crack deflection and micro-crack toughening by introduction of secondary phases such as titanium diboride, a novel toughening strategy by creating nanocrystalline boron carbide and introducing nanoporosity has been demonstrated to increase boron carbide’s ability to deform by grain boundary sliding accommodated by nanopore compression in a quasi-ductile manner, potentially leading to enhancement in fracture toughness. In this study, scalable manufacturing of boron carbide and its composites with hierarchical microstructure features, such as micro-grains, secondary reinforcement as well as nano-grains and nanoporosity, is attempted using field assisted sintering technology (FAST) to yield repeatable and tunable microstructures. Compared to traditional sintering methods such as hot-pressing, FAST exhibits multiple benefits including shorter sintering time, lower sintering temperature and a more uniform heating process which can yield finer grains and better control over the microstructure of sintered samples. Using FAST, multiple samples with different grain size distribution and material compositions were successfully sintered to high density. Subsequent mechanical testing and microstructure inspection were carried out, providing information regarding the effects of different hierarchical microstructures on properties including elastic modulus, hardness and fracture toughness of FAST sintered boron carbide.

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Dai J, Singh J, Yamamoto N. Field assisted sintering of nanoporous boron carbide with hierarchical microstructure. In AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA. 2019. (AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum). https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2019-1694