Field-effect transistors based on few-layered α-MoTe2

Nihar R. Pradhan, Daniel Rhodes, Simin Feng, Yan Xin, Shahriar Memaran, Byoung Hee Moon, Humberto Terrones, Mauricio Terrones, Luis Balicas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

277 Scopus citations

Abstract

Here we report the properties of field-effect transistors based on a few layers of chemical vapor transport grown α-MoTe2 crystals mechanically exfoliated onto SiO2. We performed field-effect and Hall mobility measurements, as well as Raman scattering and transmission electron microscopy. In contrast to both MoS2 and MoSe2, our MoTe2 field-effect transistors are observed to be hole-doped, displaying on/off ratios surpassing 106 and typical subthreshold swings of ∼140 mV per decade. Both field-effect and Hall mobilities indicate maximum values approaching or surpassing 10 cm2/(V s), which are comparable to figures previously reported for single or bilayered MoS 2 and/or for MoSe2 exfoliated onto SiO2 at room temperature and without the use of dielectric engineering. Raman scattering reveals sharp modes in agreement with previous reports, whose frequencies are found to display little or no dependence on the number of layers. Given that MoS2 is electron-doped, the stacking of MoTe2 onto MoS2 could produce ambipolar field-effect transistors and a gap modulation. Although the overall electronic performance of MoTe2 is comparable to those of MoS2 and MoSe2, the heavier element Te leads to a stronger spin-orbit coupling and possibly to concomitantly longer decoherence times for exciton valley and spin indexes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5911-5920
Number of pages10
JournalACS nano
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 24 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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